Karl Simrock, a German author, born in Bonn, Aug. 28, 1802. He qualified himself at Bonn and Berlin for the judicial service, in which he was employed from 1823 to 1830, when he was removed on account of his poem on the July revolution in France. In 1850 he was appointed professor of ancient German literature at Bonn. He became famous by his translations of the Nibelungen (1827; latest ed., 1874) and many other early German and Scandinavian poems, including the Edda (1851; 4th ed., 1871), and a modernized German version of Hartmann von der Aue's Der arme Heinrich (2d enlarged ed., 1875). One of his most celebrated original poems is Wieland der Schmied (1835; 3d ed., 1851). In 1867 appeared his translation of Shakespeare's poems, and among his other works are: Die Quellen des Shakespeare in Novellen, Mdrchen und Sage (1831; new ed., 1872); Das malerische und romantische Rheinland (4th ed., 1865); Handbuch der deutschen Mythologie (new ed., 1869); and Faust (new ed., 1873).