Latins Aeinilins Paulis, surnamed Macedoni-cus, a Roman general, the most celebrated member of the distinguished family AEmilius Paulus (or Paullus), of the AEmilia gens, born in Rome about 230 B. C, died there in 160. He was the son of the consul of the same, name who fell in the battle of Cannae (216). In 194 he was a commissioner to found a colony at Croton, in 192 was chosen curule sedile, and in 191 prsetor, having the province of Further Spain assigned to him, and receiving the title of proconsul. He made a successful campaign against the Lusitani, and established order in his province. In 182 he was elected consul, and during the next year defeated the Ingauni, a people of Liguria, receiving a triumph on his return to Rome. In 168 the ill success of the war against Perseus of Macedon induced the people to call upon him to take the field again, and he was at once elected consul. Without delay he set out for Macedonia, and, meeting the enemy-near Pydna, gained so decisive a victory as to end the war immediately, Perseus surrendering himself to his conqueror, whose treatment of him was kind and courteous.

After governing Macedonia as proconsul for nearly a year, he made a journey through Greece, then formally settled the affairs of his province with 10 Roman commissioners at Amphipolis, gave up 70 towns of Epirus to pillage (almost the only injustice recorded of him), and finally returned to Rome, bringing enormous quantities of treasure and plunder, nearly all of which he paid into the state treasury, and being received with a triumph. The only office held by him after this was the censorship in 164.