Orcagna, Or Orgagna (Andrea Di Cioxe), an Italian artist, born in Florence in the early part of the 14th century, died in 1375 or 1389. He was the son of a Florentine sculptor and goldsmith named Cione, and acquired the surname of L'Archagnuolo (the archangel), which was contracted into Orcagna. He was instructed by his father and an elder brother, Bernardo, a painter. His most memorable frescoes are the series on the north wall of the Campo Santo at Pisa, representing "The Triumph of Death," "The Last Judgment," and "Hell." These have been greatly injured by time and neglect. They were profoundly studied by succeeding painters, and Michel Angelo and Raphael borrowed largely from the attitudes and arrangements of Orcagna. As a sculptor and architect Orcagna, according to Vasari, was even greater than as a painter. One of his most celebrated productions was the tabernacle of the Virgin in the church of San Michele at Florence, a pyramidal altar of white marble, one of the figures on which represents the artist himself, and is inscribed with his name and the date (1359). The church itself was also built from his designs; but his masterpiece in architecture was the Loggia de' Lanzi in Florence.