February (Lat. Februarius, from februare, to purify; so called from februa, the festival J of expiation and lustration, which was held on the 15th of this month), the second month in our present calendar, containing 28 days ordi-; narily, and 29 days in leap year. It was not in the calendar of Romulus. Numa added two months to the year, January at the beginning and February at the end. It was first placed after January by the decemvirs about 450 B. C. J