Fitzgerald. I. Edward, lord, an Irish soldier and politician, fifth son of the first duke of Leinster, born near Dublin, Oct. 15, 1703, died June 4, 1798. He was in part educated in France, entered the British army, and distinguished himself as aide-de-camp to Lord Raw-don in the latter part of the American revolutionary war, and was severely wounded in the battle of Eutaw Springs. After sitting fulsome time in the Irish house of commons, and travelling on the continent, he rejoined his regiment in Canada. He returned to Ireland in 1700, and was again elected to the Irish parliament. In 1792 he visited Paris, where he became associated with some of the leading revolutionists. At a banquet given by Englishmen in Paris, he publicly renounced his nobility, and proposed a toast to the success of the republican arms, and was consequently dismissed from the British army. He then returned to Dublin, joined the society of United Irishmen, of which he was made president in 1796, encouraged other political and military organizations, defending them in the Irish parliament, and negotiated with the French directory, till a warrant was issued by government for his apprehension.
He refused to abandon his associates, but secretly directed the revolutionists from a place of concealment in Dublin after the other principal leaders had been arrested, and was at length discovered and captured after a desperate struggle. He was severely wounded, and died in prison. His biography was written by Thomas Moore (2 vols. 8vo, London, 1831).
II. Pamela, lady, wife of the preceding, reputed daughter of Mme. de Genlis and Philippe duke of Orleans (Egalite), died in Paris in November, 1831. She was educated with the children of the duke of Orleans, being reported an English orphan. She was married to Lord Fitzgerald at Tournay in 1790, and after his death to Mr. Pitcairn, American consul at Hamburg. A separation ensued, and she resumed the name of Fitzgerald, and lived in retirement at Mon-tauban till 1830, when Louis Philippe, the associate of her childhood, being called to the throne of France, she went to Paris. The king refused to receive her, and she died poor.