Fusiyama, a volcano of Japan, a peak in the chain which traverses the whole length of the island of Niphon, and the loftiest mountain in the empire, its height being 14,177 ft. It is covered with perpetual snow. It was formerly the most active volcano in Japan, but no eruption has taken place since 1707. Native historians assert that in the year 283 B. C. an extraordinary natural revolution produced in a single night both this mountain and the basin of the great lake Oitz Mitzoo; the elevation of surface caused by the former, as it rose from the bosom of the earth, being exactly counterbalanced by the depression which constitutes the latter. The Japanese hold this mountain in religious veneration. Some of its ravines are consecrated to the worship of Buddha, and every August crowds of devotees make pilgrimages to the idols in these spots.

Volcano of Fusiyama.

Volcano of Fusiyama.