Garcia. I. Manuel dc Populo Vicente, a Spanish composer, born in Seville, Jan. 21, 1775, died in Paris, June 9, 1832. Having acquired celebrity as a tenor singer in Spain, he made his debut in Paris in 1808, and for many years was a reigning favorite. He wrote a number of operas, of which The Caliph of Bagdad proved the most successful. In 1825 he came to the United States with an opera troupe, including his wife and his daughter Maria Felicia, afterward celebrated as Mine. Malibran. The enterprise proved so successful that Garcia extended his visit to Mexico. On the road between Mexico and Vera Cruz he was robbed of all his earnings, and returned to Paris impoverished. His voice having been impaired, he established a school of vocal instruction. He was equally accomplished as an actor and a vocalist.

II. Manuel, a musician, son of the preceding, born in Madrid in 1805. He accompanied his family in their travels, was a teacher of music in the Paris conservatory from 1835 to 1850, and afterward in London, and is one of the best teachers in Europe. He has written Memoire sur la xoix humaine (2d ed., 1847); Ecole de Garcia, traite complet de lart du chant (3d ed., 1851; remodelled in 1856 under the title of Nouveau traite, etc.); and Observations physiologiques sur la voix humaine (in French and English, 1855). (See Malibran, and Viardot.)