This section is from the "A Complete Dictionary of Dry Goods" book, by George S. Cole. Also available from Amazon: A complete dictionary of dry goods and history of silk, cotton, linen, wool and other fibrous substances,: Including a full explanation of the modern processes ... together with various useful tables.
Cambric. The town of Cambria, France, was long famous for its manufactures of fine muslins. Here in 1520, was first made a fine thin muslin of pure linen, called cambric in compliment to the city. This fabric was much used for the fine ruffs [see Ruffs] of that period, as well as for kerchiefs, etc. As long ago as 1588, 60,000 pieces of linen cambric per annum were made at Cambria. The Scotch were the first people to imitate the the linen cambric in cotton, and termed it cambric-muslin. It is made of fine cotton yarn, hard twisted and highly calendered, in width 36 inches. There is also a cheap cotton fabric manufactured for dress linings, called respectively "glove-finished" and "glazed" cambric, width 27 inches.