This section is from the "A Complete Dictionary of Dry Goods" book, by George S. Cole. Also available from Amazon: A complete dictionary of dry goods and history of silk, cotton, linen, wool and other fibrous substances,: Including a full explanation of the modern processes ... together with various useful tables.
Chine Sheen;. (French Pron she-na'). [From the Fr. chiner, color, dye] A term applied to the fabrics in which the warp is dyed in different colors at short distances, so that a mottled effect is produced; or in which a double thread, formed of two smaller threads of different colors twisted together, is used to produce a similar mottled or speckled appearance. In plain Chine silks the threads are colored in a similar manner, so that when woven up into the fabric the peculiar reflections of light, giving the appearance of shadows, is produced. Figured Chine silks have a plain ground, but the flowers and bouquets forming the pattern have an indistinct and cloudy appearance, produced by the breaking of minute particles of color into one another.