This section is from the "A Complete Dictionary of Dry Goods" book, by George S. Cole. Also available from Amazon: A complete dictionary of dry goods and history of silk, cotton, linen, wool and other fibrous substances,: Including a full explanation of the modern processes ... together with various useful tables.
Crinoline. [Fr. crinoline, hair cloth, from Latin crinis, hair and linum, linen]. When first invented crinoline was woven of horse hair and linen, but is now altogether woven of cotton, and used as a cheap material for stiffening ladies' dresses, linings and the like, after the manner of buckram. The original material made of horse hair and linen, began to be used about 1852 in the manufacture of ladies' stiff skirts or "crinolines;" and when this fashion was followed by that of wearing greatly projecting skirts of wire springs, the word "crinoline" continued to be used to designate the latter article. The first crinoline-skirt for expanding the dress was invented by Empress Eugenia of France, just before the birth of the Prince Imperial, and the fashion was adopted by Her Royal Highness Queen Victoria when Princess Beatrice was expected. [See Hoopskirt, Farthingale, Hair Cloth]