This section is from the "A Complete Dictionary of Dry Goods" book, by George S. Cole. Also available from Amazon: A complete dictionary of dry goods and history of silk, cotton, linen, wool and other fibrous substances,: Including a full explanation of the modern processes ... together with various useful tables.
Elastic Web. A material for suspenders, garters, etc., made in bands from half an inch to twelve inches in width. The slender rubber slips or shirrs as they are technically called, are cut from wide thin sheets of india rubber and these lie parallel to the warp in weaving. Ordinary silk and cotton elastic are woven plain, or "single," but the heavy grade for suspenders is "double-woven," that is, with two sets of warps and two sets of wefts, interlaced together so as to form a solid and compact band, with the slips of rubber in the center. First manufactured in 1820. Bolts of elastic web are put up in 12 yard lengths. Elastic cord comes put up in 36 yard lengths.