Imports. Goods brought to this from a foreign country. Importations into the United States can be made only at ports of entry constituted by law. All goods so imported must be entered at a custom-house by presenting a bill of lading, and an invoice duly certified by the United States Consul at the port from whence they are shipped; also a sworn description of the goods by the importer. If the goods are free of duty, a permit to land is immediately issued, subject to official inspection and verification of the goods. If the goods are dutiable the tariff is estimated at the custom-house and paid in coin or government notes. A permit is then issued to send one or more packages to the government appraiser for examination, (to determine whether they have been invoiced properly) the balance of the goods being delivered to the importer under bond to produce them should the examination of the samples show discrepancies. If the appraiser finds them to have been undervalued, the goods are subject to merely the additional tariff on the excess. Any fraudulent under valuation involves the confiscation of the goods concerned. To interior ports goods may be transported in bond, directly from the importing vessel. There are custom houses in all the large cities of the United States. The following table shows the value of imports entered during the three years ending Oct. 1st 1891; also the value of articles free of duty, and the value of those on which there is a tariff:

 

Free Of Duty

Values Dutiable

Total

Total Duties Collected

Year ending--------

Total Sept. 30, 1889

$258,562,64186

$490,661,118 70

$749,223,360 55

$217,389,400 95

Per cent. free and dutiable________

34.51

65.40

.......................

.................

Total Sept. 30, 1890

$279,251,684 36

$521,621,989 54

$800,874,672 90

$237,284,340 95

Per cent. free and dutiable..........

34.87

65.14

.....................

...............

Total Sept. 30, 1891

$419,465,439 97

$413,203,165 18

$832,068,605 15

$193,040,020 49

Per cent. free and dutiable______ .

50.38

49.62

.................

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