This section is from the "A Complete Dictionary of Dry Goods" book, by George S. Cole. Also available from Amazon: A complete dictionary of dry goods and history of silk, cotton, linen, wool and other fibrous substances,: Including a full explanation of the modern processes ... together with various useful tables.
Ingrain. [From in (the) grain] A term used to describe textile fabrics dyed before being woven; dyed in the yarn or thread before being manufactured. The cotton calico called Turkey red and red marking cotton are also called ingrain. [See Carpet]