This section is from the "A Complete Dictionary of Dry Goods" book, by George S. Cole. Also available from Amazon: A complete dictionary of dry goods and history of silk, cotton, linen, wool and other fibrous substances,: Including a full explanation of the modern processes ... together with various useful tables.
Kid Gloves. In kid and other snug fitting leather gloves a "size" is one-quarter of an inch. The measurement is taken around the full width of the palm, but conjoined with this must be some judgment as to other proportions. In heavier street gloves the sizes sometimes go by half inches, while in most fabric gloves the differences are not carefully adjusted, since the elastic character of the materials renders this alike difficult and unnecessary. These latter are designated as six, seven, eight or nine, indicating presumably an inch to a size, but the differences are not so great, being only about a half inch to a size. The durability of a kid glove depends on how they are put on the first time. In order that it may fit, a glove should be selected leisurely and with judgment, and put on slowly, taking care to fit every part. It is better not to use a stretcher. The expansion should be made with the hands, so as to secure a perfect fit at every point. A glove that fits well generally wears well. If it bursts at the seam, the rip should be sewn with cotton thread, as silk cuts the leather. A device to ascertain quickly and conveniently the size of gloves to fit any given hand has recently been invented. The device consists of a metal disc six inches in diameter, highly polished, resting upon a felt mat, and capped with a plush cushion, to which is secured a metallic loop enclosing a flexible tape of the finest steel, having upon its surface raised numbers corresponding to those stamped inside of kid gloves (indicating the size.) The free end of the tape passes through a slot in the extended arm of the loop, and is furnished with a handle or pull. The hand to be measured is placed within the loop, resting upon the cushion, the tape is drawn forward, encircling the hand, quickly and accurately determining the size of the glove required. [See Gloves]