Marseilles (Mar-Salz'). [A name derived the city where first manufactured, Marseilles, France] A stiff corded cotton fabric, used principally for ladies' white dresses and men's vests. The raised cord extends from side to side of the web. Marseilles quilts are woven of very fine yarn in large, embossed figures, the latter presenting the appearance of protruding from a smooth and unbroken surface. They are woven in the Jacquard loom on the double weaving principle, the embossing being produced by extra warp-threads. The backing weft sometimes floats outside the cloth, sometimes is bound inside just below the plain face, and at other parts the whole of the yarn is firmly united. Where the backing is brought inside, the top cloth is raised, while at those places where the warps are woven together, a depression is caused; in this manner the design is made. [See Weaving, Loom]