This section is from the "A Complete Dictionary of Dry Goods" book, by George S. Cole. Also available from Amazon: A complete dictionary of dry goods and history of silk, cotton, linen, wool and other fibrous substances,: Including a full explanation of the modern processes ... together with various useful tables.
Melton, [So called from the name of original English manufacturer] A stout kind of woolen cloth used for men's clothing. In recent years it has been largely used in the manufacture of ready-made overcoats. After melton leaves the loom, the cloth is fulled to a degree completely concealing the warp and weft threads; then a rough nap is raised, which is next sheared down close to the surface, being finished without pressing or glossing. It is dyed in solid colors, usually black or shades of brown. [See Fulling, Napping, Woolens]