Pique (Pe-Ka'). (Frenchpique, quilting). A washable cotton material, so woven as to have a small pattern in relief, usually a cord or rib, in imitation of quilting, extending lengthwise of the fabric. Pique is frequently printed with small delicate patterns, though more often plain white; usually rather stiff and thick and used for children's clothing, waistcoats and summer dresses.