This section is from the "A Complete Dictionary of Dry Goods" book, by George S. Cole. Also available from Amazon: A complete dictionary of dry goods and history of silk, cotton, linen, wool and other fibrous substances,: Including a full explanation of the modern processes ... together with various useful tables.
Satinet. A material used almost exclusively in the manufacture of men's ready-made clothing. It is woven with a cotton warp and a weft of short, inferior or shoddy wool, which is mixed with enough long wool to enable it to be spun; and is woven in such a way as to bring the filling to the face of the cloth. On leaving the loom it is fulled, by which process the cotton is entirely concealed by the wool, sheared down smooth, and the pattern printed on the surface much in the same manner that figures are printed on calico. Large quantities of satinets are produced in New England, there being in all 60 mills representing 186 sets of machinery. A single set running on standard goods turns out 300 yards per day, making the total product of the 186 sets 55,800 yards per day, or 1,450,000 yards per month. The average value of these varieties at the mills is about 25 cents per yard, though the best are sold from 35 to 42 cents, single width Satinet is but from 10 to 15 cents cheaper than union cassimere, which in point of wear is much to be preferred, on account of the pattern being woven into the body of the goods, instead of simply stamped on, as is practiced in satinet-making. [See Shoddy, Weaving]