Hidage. Hidage was a royal aid or tribute, raised in such a proportion on every hide of land. William the Conqueror imposed a hidage of six shillings upon every hide; William Rufus, four shillings; and King Henry L, three shillings. When the lord paid hidage to the king, the tenants paid a proportion to the lord of the manor. When the Danes landed at Sandwich, King Ethelred raised the hidage, so that every 310 hides of land found an armed ship, and every eight hides found a "jack and Saddle." The hide of land, or plough-land, was as much as one plough could cultivate in a year - for the quantity was never expressly determined ; some fix it at 60, others 80, and some again at 100 acres. One hide of land at Chesterton, in the fifteenth year of the reign of Henry II., contained 64 acres; and in the thirty-fifth of Henry III., the yearly value of a hide of land at Blechesdon, in Oxfordshire, was forty shillings. Bede calls it Familiam - implying by it that it was as much as would maintain a family. The distribution of England by hides of land is very ancient, as we find mention made of it in the laws of King Ina (cap. 14); and Henry I., to marry his daughter, had three shillings from every hide of land.