Lords Spiritual And Tempo-Ral. This term applies to the persons who sit in the Souse of Lords. The " Lords Spiritual" are the archbishops and bishops of the English Church, and one archbishop and three bishops of the Irish Church. Before the Reformation, superiors, priors, and abbots, satin the House of Louis, and the " Lords Spiritual" at that time often exceeded in number the " Lords Temporal," though they now form only about a thirteenth part. The "Lords Temporal" are all the peers of England of age and sane mind, sixteen peers of Scotland, and twenty-eight of Ireland. The number of peers of Ireland and Scotland is fixed, but that of England is variable. depending upon the casualities of minorities and the will of the Sovereign.