Porcelain. Porcelaine, said to bo derived from Pour cent annees, it being formerly believed that the materials of porcelain were matured under ground one hundred years. It is not known who first discovered the art of making porcelain, nor is the date recorded ; but the manufacture has been carried on in China, at King-te-ching, at least since a.d. 442, and here still the finest porcelain is made. It is first mentioned in Europe in 1581, shortly after which time it was known in England. The fine porcelain ware known as Dresden china was discovered by M. Boeticher, who was at the time only an apothecary's boy, 1700. Services of this ware have cost many thousands of pounds each. A costly service, each piece exquisitely painted, and the battles represented, and subjects all different, was presented to the duke of Wellington, by the king of Prussia, in 1816, and is the finest in England,

Porcelain. The name of porcelain is derived from the Portuguese word porcelana, which signifies a cup. It was adopted from the 'circumstance that the Portuguese were the first importers of porcelain from China. In America the term China, or China-ware is more commonly used.