This section is from the "Henley's Twentieth Century Formulas Recipes Processes" encyclopedia, by Norman W. Henley and others.
Brown.—Use tincture of logwood.
Red.—Use ground brazil wood, 0.5 pound; water, 10.5 quarts; cochineal, 0.5 ounce; boil the brazil wood in the water 1 hour; strain and add the cochineal; boil 15 minutes.
Scarlet.—Boil 0.5 ounce saffron in 0.5 pint of water, and pass over the work before applying the red. .
Blue.—Use logwood, 7 ounces; blue vitriol, 1 ounce; water, 22 ounces; boil.
Purple.—Use logwood, 11 ounces; alum, 6 ounces; water, 29 ounces.
Green.—Use strong vinegar, 10.5 pints; best verdigris, 2 ounces, ground fine; sap green, 0.25 ounce; mix all together and boil.