A substitute for elaine for woolen yarns is obtained by boiling 4 pounds carrageen moss in 25 gallons water for 3 hours. The soda is then put in and the boiling continued for another half hour; 2 pounds fleabane seeds are gradually added, and a little water to make up for the evaporation. After a further 1.5 hours boiling, the extract is passed through a fine sieve and well mixed with 25 pounds cottonseed oil, 12.5 pounds sweet oil, and 12.5 pounds ammonia solution of 0.96 specific gravity. Next day stir in 2.5 pounds saponified elaine and 13 pounds of odorless petroleum of 0.885 specific gravity. The resulting emulsion keeps well, dissolves perfectly in lukewarm water, and answers its purpose excellently.