[L. cichorium.] A common European plant, known also as succory. It is somewhat like the dandelion, and a substitute for coffee is obtained from its root by roasting and grinding. It is mixed with coffee or used by itself. Chicory can easily be distinguished from coffee by placing some of it in water. It rapidly sinks, and colors the liquid a reddish-brown; but genuine coffee floats, and does not color the water. The chicory or succory plant grows on limy soils and by the dusty roadside. It has large bright blue flowers and toothed leaves. It is introduced in America where the blue and white-flowered varieties are common.

COFFEE ADULTERATED WITH CHICORY, MAGNIFIED.

COFFEE ADULTERATED WITH CHICORY, MAGNIFIED.