The product of the fruit of chocolate tree, a native of Mexico, Central America and Brazil. It is a handsome tree, 10 to 20 feet high, and is sheltered when growing by larger trees. It commences to bear fruit in the third year. The fruit is cucumber-shaped, and consists of a hard outer part from 6 to 8 inches long, and a soft white pulp, which protects numerous seeds almost as large as almonds. The seeds are cleaned, dried, and ground by hot rollers to a paste or powder, which is known as rock or flake cocoa. Sometimes they are broken up by rollers into pieces, which are called cocoa nibs. Mixed with sugar and spices, flake cocoa is known as chocolate, and is used in cakes and sweetmeats. About one-half of the weight of the seeds is due to a fat called cocoa butter; much of this is removed in making chocolate. The active principle of cocoa is theobromine, a nitrogenous product.

COCOA.

COCOA.