[AS.] A large and graceful forest tree with thick foliage of dark-green leaves. It has smooth bark on the branches, but a rugged trunk. Its flowers are dark red, and bear an oval green pod with one seed. This tree is often planted in rows in parks, and is very common in England. Its wood is hard and tough, and used for waterwheels, building, shipbuilding, carving, etc. its bark is used in tanning, dyeing, and sugar-refining. The American elm is called white elm; a red elm, called slippery elm, has a succulent inner bark, whose jelley-like juice is used in medicine.