The fibre of the inner bark of two plants, which are very extensively cultivated in India, especially in Bengal. Both plants are annuals, in height from 10 to 14 feet, with yellow flowers and smooth leaves. The stem is erect, smooth, and cylindrical, and the inner bark is separated from it by steeping in water. The fibre is of a yellow or buff color, comparatively strong, easily spun, and possessing a shining surface. It is largely used for making coarse cloth for bagging and sacks, and in the manufacture of carpets, tarpaulin, backings for floorcloth, manilla paper, etc. Jute has been woven into various fabrics in Bengal from a remote period, and there are now many jute factories in India. (See Gunny.)