[AS., from L. pirus, a pear-tree.] The pear-tree is very largely cultivated for the sake of its fruit. The tree grows wild in many parts of Europe, and is now cultivated in all temperate climates. It sometimes attains a height of 40 feet, with a trunk from 2 to 3 feet in diameter. The varieties of pears are very numerous, and though many of them are of little consequence, more than two hundred at the present day are enumerated as fit for the table, and new varieties are being added every year. Pears are preserved by canning, like peaches. The wood of the pear-tree is hard, fine-grained, of a yellowish color, and susceptible of a brilliant polish. It is largely used by turners, and sometimes dyed black and used by cabinet-makers for ebony.