[Fr. raler, to rattle in the throat.] Numer-ous species of birds prized as game birds. The common European land-rail is usually known as the corncrake. It has a grating cry, familiar in summer. The water-rail has a longer bill and darker plumage, and loves the wet marshes. It is found in Iceland, North Africa, and China. American species are the clapper-rail or marsh-hen, the king or red-breasted rail, the Virginia rail, and the Carolina rail or ortolan. The flesh of all these birds is delicate, and the Virginia rail is a favorite game bird.