[Scand. from Lappish.] A kind of deer with branching horns found in the extreme north parts of Europe and America. Reindeer are gregarious and herd together. The full-grown bucks shed their horns. The horns of the female reindeer are retained during the winter. The reindeer feeds on the lichen that thickly carpets barren lands in the subarctic regions. The common European reindeer is domesticated in Lapland. Laplanders depend on it for its milk, and as a beast of burden, or to draw sledges over the snow. When the path is good and not too hilly, the reindeer can travel 100 miles a day. Their feet are well suited for walking on snow, owing to the manner in which » the hoofs separate in treading, and to the long, coarse hair growing between the hoofs. The Siberian reindeer is larger than that of Lapland. The reindeer of North America are the cariboo or woodland reindeer, found in Canada and Maine, and the barren ground reindeer of the Rockies.