Pseudonyms are false names adopted by an author to conceal his identity. Originally "pseudonymous" was used of works deliberately published under a false name, so as to induce people to believe them the works of those whose names they bore, or of works erroneously attributed to a wrong person.

The following list of pseudonyms adopted by famous authors has been specially compiled for this Manual:

A.L.O.E. ( - A ZadyCharlotte Maria

0/ England)....

Tucker.

Adeler, Max

. Chas. Heber Clark.

Alexander, Mrs

. Mrs. A. F. Hector.

Anstey, F

F. Anstey Guthrie.

Atlas ("World")....

.Edmund Yates.

Bab.................

.W. S.Gilbert.

Bede, Cuthbert

Rev. Edw. Bradley.

Bell, Acton

.Anne Bronte.

" Currer........

. Charlotte Bronte.

" Ellis..........

, Emily Jane Bronte.

Bibliophile, Jacob...

. Paul Lacroix.

Bicker staff, Isaac...

.Dean Swift. and Steele in Tatler.

Biglow, Hosea

.J. Russell Lowell.

Billings, Josh.....

. Henry W. Shaw.

Bon Gaultier

.Sir Theodore Martin and W. E. Aytoun.

Boz................

.Chas. Dickens.

Breitmann, Hans...

.Chas. G. Lelaud.

Carmen Sylva

.Queen of Roumania.

Conway, Hugh.....

. F. J. Fargus.

Cornwall, Barry ..

B. W. Procter.

Crayon Geoffrey___

. Washington Irving.

Danbury Newsman.]. M. Bailey

Elia

. Charles Lamb.

Eliot, George.......

. Mrs. Mary Ann Cross

(nee Evans.)

Ettrick Shepherd...

.James Hogg.

Fern, Fanny

Mrs. Sara P. Parton.

Graduate of Oxford. John Ruskin.

Greenwood, Grace..

Mrs. Lippincott.

Greville, Henry

.Mme. Durand.

H.H..............

.Mrs. Helen Hunt Jackson.

Hamilton. Gail.... .

Mary Abigail Dodge.

Harland, Marion...

.Mrs. M. V. Terhune

(nee Hawes.)

Historicus

Sir W. Vernon Har-court.

Jean Paul...........

,.J. P. F. Richter.

Kerr, Orpheus C...

.R. H. Newell.

Knickerbocker, Die

?-Washington Irving.

L.E.L

. Letitia E. Landon.

Lee, Vernon

.Violet Paget.

Loti, Pierre

. .Julien Viaud.

Lyall Edna

. Ada Ellen Bayly.

Maitland, Thomas.

..R. Buchanan.

Malet, Lucas.......

.Mrs. Harrison [nee Kingsley.)

Mathers, Helen.....

. Mrs. Reeves (nee Matthews.)

Meredith, Owen....

Earl of Lytton.

Miller, Joaquin... .

C. H Miller.

Nasby. Petroleum V

D. R. Locke.

North, Christopher.

. Prof. John Wilson.

O'Dowd, Cornelius.

. Charles Lever.

Ogilvy. Gavin.....

J. M. Barrie.

Old Humphrey....

G. Mogridge.

Omnium Jacob....

Matt. Jas. Higgins.

Opium Eater....

. T. De Quineey.

Optic Oliver....

Win. T. Adams.

O'Rell, Max........

Paul Blouet.

Ouida........

Louise de la Rame.

Q..................

Douglas Jerrold.

A. T. QuillerCouch.

Parley, Peter...

Sam. G. Goodrich;

W. Martin;

G. Mogridge;

W. Tegg;

J. Bennett.

Phiz..............

Hablot K. Browne.

Pindar, Peter.....,

,. John Wolcot.

Prout, Father....

Sydney Smith.

Proul, Father......

. F. S. Mahony.

Quirinus...

Dr. Dolilnger.

Rob Roy.............

. John Macgregor.

Sand, George

,. Madame Dudevant (ne'e Ducin.)

Scriblerus, MartinusSwift, Pope, and

Arbuthnot.

Shirley ..........

. John Skelton.

Slick, Sam.........

. .T. C. Haliburton.

Stepniak............

. S. Kartcheffsky.

Stretton Hesba......

. Sarah Smith.

Syntax, Dr.....

.Wm. Combe.

Titcomb, Timothy..

J. G. Holland.

Titmarsh, Micha, Angelo.........,

W. M. Thackeray.

Twain, Mark....

.Samuel L. Clemens.

Tyller, Sarah....

. Miss H. Keddie.

Uncle Remus.....

.Joel Chandler Harris.

Urban, Sylvan us ..

..Editor of The Gentleman's Magazine.

Vacuus Viator.....

.Thomas Hughes.

Voltaire.....

.Francois Marie Arouet.

Ward, Artentus___

, Chas. F. Browne.

Warden, Florence..

.Mrs. G. James.

Welherell, Elizabeth

.Susan Warner.

Winter,JohnStrangeMrs. H. F. V. Stannard.

Zadkiel..........

Capt. R. J. Morrison, R. N.