Baker, a person whose business is that of baking and selling bread. The origin of this useful profession is not ascertained, though it is certain that the first public bakers appeared in the Fast, and passed from Greece to Italy, about the year of Home. 583. Prior to that period, every house-wife baked her own bread.

In ancient Rome bakers enjoyed great privileges, and formed a kind . of ( from which neither they nor their children were permitted to withdraw; holding all their effects in common, and not being allowed to dispose of any part of them. To preserve honour and honesty in the College of bakers, they were expressly prohibited all connection with comedians and gladiators; while they were exempt from guardianships and other offices, which might interfere with their occupations. By the English statutes, no person exercising the mysteries or sciences of baking, brewing, surgery, or writing, shall be deemed a handicraft. Since the year 1155, the first-mentioned ar-tisans have formed a brotherhood in this country though the white bakers were not incorporated till 1407, and the brown bakers until 1621.

We regret that so wealthy and respectable a body of men as our modern bakers, give us frequent cause of complaint, either by the unwholesome quality, or the deficient weight of bread ; an article which loudly calls for the wisdom and unremitting vigilance of the legislature. No new office in any department of police appears to be so necessary, and likely to be productive of such essential advantages to the whole metropolis, as that of "Inspector of Bread."