genta. In the Franco-German War of 1870 he commanded an army-corps. Although defeated and captured at Sedan, his military reputation remained untarnished. At the close of the war he was made commander of the army of Versailles, with which he suppressed the Commune that held sway in Paris during many weeks. On the retirement of M. Thiers from the presidency in 1873 McMahon was chosen his successor for a term of seven years, but resigned on Jan. 30, 1879. He died at Paris on Oct. 18,


McMas'ter, John Bach, Ph. D., Litt. D., an American scholar and writer, was born at Brooklyn on Jane 29, 1852. He was educated in the public schools of New York, graduating at the College of the City of New York in 1872. Having first made a specialty of civil engineering, he was called to be instructor in Princeton College, 1877, re_ maining until 1883. In this year he was appointed professor of American history (to which he had devoted his later years) at the University of Pennsylvania. His first published work, Bridge and Tunnel Centers, came out in 1876, but in 1883 he issued the first volumes of an important History of the People of the United States, the fourth volume of which appeared in 1895. The fifth volume did not issue from the press until five years later. He has also published Lives of Daniel Webster and Benjamin Franklin and The Monroe Doctrine.

McMon'nies (măk-mŭrínĭz), Frederick William, an American sculptor, was born at Brooklyn, N. Y., Sept. 28, 1863. He studied art in the rooms of Augustus St. Gaudens, and subsequently pursued his course at Paris, London and Munich. His best-known work was the great fountain in the principal court of the Columbian xpo-sition at Chicago. He also modeled the statue of Nathan Hale, which was erected in City Hall Park, New York, as well as several other public monuments. These include Sir Harry Vane for Boston Public Library; the Battle Monument, with its colossal figure of Victory, at West Point ; and the army and navy groups for the Soldiers' and Sailors' monument at Indianapolis. Among his other productions are the bronze doors and a statue of Shakespeare for the Congressional Library, Washington, D. C. He received the Décoration of the Legion of Honor from the French government in 1896.

Ma'con, Ga., the capital of Bibb County, on Ocmulgee River, in central Georgia, traversed by nine or ten lines of railway. It has many manufacturing establishments, representing various industries, the chief of which are those devoted to textile fabrics, together with a large commercial trade. It has many schools and churches and a public library, and is the seat of Mercer University (Baptist), the state academy for the Blind, Alexan-

der Free School, Jones Home for Indigent Women, Wesleyan Fem Je College, one of the oldest female colleges in the United States, and other educational and charitable institutions. Population 40,665.

Ma'con, Nathaniel, a North Carolina statesman, was born in Warren County, of that state, in 1757. He served as a private in the Revolutionary War, and was a member of the legislature from 1780 to 1786. He was a member of Congress from 1791 to 1815 and of the United States senate for the 13 following years, making a continuous service of 37 years, the longest on record. He died on June 29, 1837.

McPher'son, James B., was born in Sandusky County, O., Nov. 14, 1828, and graduated from West Point at the head of his class in 1853. In August, 1861, on account of his superior qualifications as an engineer, he was promoted to the rank of lieutenant - colonel and placed on the staff of General Halleck, commanding the department of the Missouri. In his capacity as staff-officer General McPherson was with Gen. Grant at Forts Henry and Donelson, Shiloh and the siege of Corinth, rendering service that was gratefully acknowledged by that general ; and during the Vicksburg campaign in 1863 he commanded the 17th army-corps which so successfully fought the battles of Raymond and Champion Hill. During Sherman's Atlanta campaign McPherson commanded the army of the Tennessee, displaying the highest soldierly qualities in every engagement until he was killed in the battle before Atlanta, July 22, 1864. General McPherson was tall and imposing in appearance but gentle and unassuming in manner, and his death was deeply lamented by all the officers and soldiers in his command. "To know him was to love him" was the high tribute paid to him by General Grant.

JVlacready (măk-rē'dď), William Charles, an English actor, was born at London, March 3, 1793. At an early age he was sent to Rugby to be educated for the bar, but his father's financial embarrassments forced him to adopt the stage as his profession. He made his first appearance As Romeo at Birmingham at the age of 17. Six years later, Sept. 16, 1816, he made his London début, playing Orestes at Covent Garden, and after years of patient effort took rank among the leading English actors. In December, 1837,

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general Mcpherson