PADEREWSKI                                                J4<>8                                                                 PAGE

Trees, A Naturalist on the Labrador Coast and Lamarck: the Founder of Evolution.

Paderewski {p'd-ref'ske), Ignace Jan, a Polish pianist, was born in Podolia, a province of Russian Poland, in i860. He began his musical studies when six, but with very imperfect teachers, and at 12 went to the conservatory at Warsaw. He made his first musical tour through Russia at 16, and was made a professor of music in the conservatory. Subsequently he gave himself still more devotedly to his art, studying at Berlin and Vienna, and was appointed a professor in the conservatory at Strass-burg in 1883. While here, visiting a summer resort, to amuse his friends he once extemporized upon a theme in the style of every great composer, sitting down to the piano in the evening and playing until five in the morning. He made his first public appearance as a musician at Vienna in 1887, his wonderful reputation as a performer on the piano having been made since that time. He does not depend upon his genius, great as it is, but on practice and study, shutting himself up before a concert and practicing all night. He is particularly happy in his interpretations of the works of Rubinstein, Chopin, Liszt and Schumann. His musical compositions were nearly all written before he was five and twenty; Polish Dances, Song of the Voyager, Menuet and others are among those most valued.

Padua (pd'-ă) or Padova, one of the oldest cities of Italy, was in the 5th century ruled by the Huns, then exchanged between the Goths and the Byzantine empire, and from 1318 to 1405 was ruled independently by a lord. In the latter year it was conquered by Venice, which held it until 1797, when it was given to Austria, which, except from 1805 to 1814, ruled it until incorporated into Italy in 1866. The old streets are dark and narrow, and a wall still surrounds the town. The most notable building is the municipal palace (1172-1219), whose roof, 267 feet by 89, is the largest in Europe unsupported by pillars. Padua also has many old churches. The university, which dates from 1222 and has 71 teachers and 1,364 students, has long been celebrated. There is no manufacturing industry. Population 82,281.

Padu'cah, Ky., the seat of McCracken County, stands on the Ohio about 48 miles above its mouth, and enjoys a large river and rail trade. The principal thing of note connected with Paducah is its ice-harbor in the mouth of the Tennessee where boats from the northern courses of the Mississippi, Ohio and Illinois Rivers lie through the winter, thus avoiding the freezing of ice and its effects on them. Marine ways and dry-docks of large capacity are here. One of the largest peanut factories in the south; glass-plant; largest basket factory in the

south if not in the world; immense river traffic; largest Illinois Central shops outside of Burnside, 111.; cordage factory, knitting mills and pants factory are among the industries. It handles more distilled liquors than any other southern city outside of Louisville, and the lumber mills make large foreign shipments. The city has an excellent public school system, many me school-buildings and the service of two railroads. Population 22,760.

Paganini {p'g-nē'ne), Nicolo, a famous Italian violinist, was a porter's son, born at Genoa, Feb. 18, 1782. He early devoted himself to his instrument, practicing sometimes ten hours at a stretch, and in 1793 gave his first concert. His professional tours began in Italy in 1805, extended through Germany and Austria in 1828 and 1829 and Paris and London in 1831. He returned to Italy very wealthy and died at Nice, his violin in his hand, May 27, 1840. See Grove's Dictionary of Music, Vol. II, and Engle's F -ow Mozart to Mario.

Page, Thomas Nelson, noted as a writer of stories and poems in the negro dialect was born in Hanover County, Va., April 23, 1853. He studied at Washington and Lee University, and for a time practiced law at Richmond. He wrote his first story, Marse Chan, in 1884, and a collection of his writings is published under the title In Ole Virginia. MehLady and Marse Chan are two of his most popular books. In 1888 he published a volume of verse entitled Befo' de War, an 1 in 1892 issued a collection of essays bearing the title of The New South. His other realistic stories and novels include Two Little Confederates, Elsket, On Newfound River, Pastime Stories, Red Rock and Gordon Keith — almost all of his work dealing interestingly and with great fidelity with southern and, chief y. with negro life, in Virginia.

Page, William, an American painter, was born at Albany, N Y., Jan. 23, 1811. He received a premium from thf American Institute in New York for a drawing in india ink when 11, and a medal from the Natiou J Academy before he was 17. His first portraits were those of Governor Marcy for the New York city hall, and of John Quincy Adams for Faneuil Hall at Boston. In 1849 he went to Italy, spending ten years at Florence and Rome. Besides executing, while there, such works as Moses and Aaron on Mount Horeb and the Flight into Egypt, he made copies of Titian's paintings, one of which was prevented from leaving Florence by the public officers, who insisted that it w as the original picture. His full-length portrait of Farragut at the battle of Mobile was presented by a committee in 1871 to the emperor of Russia. His portrait of Christ, his bust of Shakespeare and the portraits from the bust are among his later works. He died on Staten Island. New York, Oct. 1, 1885.