polar exploration


polar exploration

and reached Etah, Greenland, August 8. It passed the winter at Cape Sheridan, engaged m hunting trips and pushing supplies to Cape Columbia where a supply depot was established. Leaving the Roosevelt a start was made for the Pole by dog train on Feb. 15, 1909, the expedition being divided into six sections which started on successive day*' The entire expedition comprised 7 white

men, 19 Eskimos, 140 dogs and 23 sledges. From Cape Columbia the course was due north over the ice. Sections of the expedition were sent back from time to time, reducing the outfit with the advance northward. Prof. Ross G. Marvin of Cornell University, who turned back at 86° 38' in charge of the third supporting party, was drowned April 10, when 45 miles north of Cape Columbia.

At 8 70 48' the fourth and last supporting party turned back under command of Capt. Bartlett of the Roosevelt. Peary, now the only remaining white man, with Hansen, the Negro who had been with him on a former expedition, and four Eskimos now pushed forward with all possible speed. Conditions were favorable, the ice comparatively free from obstacles, the temperature rose to 15'

below zero, and rapid progress was made. A march of 3 5 miles was recorded on each of the last four days. At last on April 6 the Pole was reached. Here 30 hours was spent in taking observations, taking photographs, planting flags etc. The return trip was over the trail that had been made. Cape Columbia was reached on April 23, and the Roosevelt at Cape Sheridan two days later.

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