QUAHAUG                                                 1570                                           QUARANTINE

distinguished from the three other members of the family, although Burchell's zebra is often erroneously called quagga. The head, neck, mane and shoulders are striped, but the stripes fade out behind the shoulders,

Description images/pp0471 1

QUAGGA

and the hind quarters and legs are unstriped. It is of stouter build than the zebra, but has ears and tail more like a horse. Its color is reddish brown above with dark brown spots, the under surface and the legs being nearly white.

Quahaug (qwa'hog), the common round clam of the Atlantic coast found from Texas

Description images/pp0471 2

to Cape Cod. It is frequently seen in eastern markets and much esteemed as food.

Quail, a small game-bird of the Old World, belonging to the partridge family. There

are six species. The common European quail is about seven inches long, with a very short tail. They are of a brown color, streaked with buff. They are ground-birds. They winter in Africa, and are trapped in large numbers for the market. The birds called quail in the United States belong to a different family. The bob-white is a good

Description images/pp0471 4

common quail

type. They nest on the ground, laying from ten to eighteen white eggs, but sometimes they perch on trees. They remain through the year and should be protected and fed, for they are helpful to the farmers in destroying many injurious insects. They are especially fond of the Colorado potato-beetle.

Qua'kers or Society of Friends, a sect founded by George Fox in 1648-66. In spite of severe and cruel persecutions the Quakers established themselves in England and in America. Although not a large denomina-iion, they have exerted a strong and good influence on the public at large by their purity of life and the stand they have taken in great questions, as war and slavery. Friends began to protest against slavery as early as 1688, and in 1787 no known Friend owned a slave. As early as 1727 they commenced to censure the traffic in slaves, and opposed it more and more warmly, until the whole British nation felt the blow and set their slaves free. Their leading doctrine is that of "internal light." They believe that the Holy Spirit or the indwelling Christ alone maketh wise unto salvation and illumines the mind with true and spiritual knowledge of the things of God. Hence they do not consider human learning essential to a minister of the gospel, and have no theological schools or classes for students. Their ministers do not receive a salary, but bestow their labor freely, and in return are freely entertained when their work takes them away from home. The Friends have from the start, by example and precept, urged "plainness of speech, behavior and apparel;" and hence a Friend could always be distinguished by certain outward peculiarities, as "thee, thou, first month, second day," instead of the usual terms used, and by their quaint garb. In 1827 Elias Hicks denied the divine authority of the Scriptures, the divinity of Christ and His atonement, and carried with him about half of the Society in America. These are now known as the Hicksite Friends, while the remainder are called Orthodox Friends. The more eminent leaders of this sect have been George Fox, Robert Barclay, Thomas Ell-wood, John Woolman, William Penn and John Bright. They number in the United States about 120,000; while about 20,000 of them are in England. See Fox's Journal and Sewell's History of the Quakers.

Quarantine (kwăr'an-tēn'), ("a period of forty days"), is a forced abstinence from communication with the shore which ships are compelled to undergo when they are last from somŽ\ port or country where certain diseases held to be infectious, as yellow fever, plague or cholera, are or have been raging. Where a quarantine is established, it is a punishable offense for any person in the suspected ship to come on shore 1 or for anyone to disembark any merchandise or goods, except at lazarettos, which are estab-