When the principles of management have been worked out, the tasks of the maid standardized, and the proper grouping of tasks agreed upon, the training of both mistress and maid can be undertaken with some degree of confidence. As long as it is a matter of doing a mass of heterogeneous tasks as any accidental mistress may want them done, it is impossible to consider a course of vocational training leading to domestic service. If, however, the problem should become one of supplying trained people to render service in connection with the maintenance of a well-ordered, dignified, agreeable family life lived among clean and pleasant surroundings, where good temper and consideration for others prevail, and if a reasonable administrative capacity could be expected, courses of study based on principles of science and art could be offered to attract girls of administrative capacity and high character.
1. What are the factors of cost of keeping a servant?
2. In your experience, how does the amount paid for wages compare with that paid for rent?
3. Test the theory that the cost of keeping a servant is twice her wages by making a full estimate of every item which your servant costs.
4. What are the factors of cost of laundry work done outside the house? What are its advantages? Its disadvantages?
5. Would you urge the development and improvement of the laundry system as an organized industry, so that, like tailoring, it should disappear from the household? State the reasons for your opinion.
6. What kinds of labor must be done in the house?
7. How can they be reduced in amount?
8. Why have the conditions of domestic service not been considered as seriously as other forms of labor?
9. What light does the historical study of domestic service throw on its present conditions?
10. What effect have general economic conditions on the conditions of domestic service?
11. What are the difficulties of the domestic employer?
12. What are the difficulties on the side of the employee?
13. What duties have you the right to require your maid to perform which necessitate her sleeping in your house?
14. How may carelessness of servants be controlled or corrected?
15. What tests should be applied to any proposed remedy for existing difficulties?
16. What remedies will meet these tests?
17. How far are these remedies within reach of the individual housekeeper?
18. In what ways and to what extent may the individual members of the family aid in applying them?
19. Make out a series of questions to be asked employers concerning the possibilities of having a part or the whole of the housework done by persons living outside.
Domestic Service. Lucy M. Salmon. New York: The Macmillan Co.
Progress in the Household. Lucy M. Salmon. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co.
Industrial Democracy, Part III, Chapter II (The Household As The Centre Of Consumption), "The Higgling of the Market." Sidney and Beatrice Webb. New York: Longmans, Green & Co.
Democracy and Social Ethics, Chapter IV (Food). Jane Addams. New York: The Macmillan Co.
Commentaries. Blackstone. Book I, Chapter XVI.
Shop Slavery and Emancipation, Chapter II (The Household As The Centre Of Consumption), "Living in."
William Paine. London: P. S. King. Household Management. Bertha M. Terrill. Chicago:
American School of Home Economics. Woman in Industry. Edith Abbott. New York: D.
Appleton & Co.