Similarly every form of social betterment, such as organized educational, religious, and civic work, affords opportunity for the further training and expression of those powers which the modern household should count as among its choicest assets, if not, indeed, as the very justification for its existence as an institution.

The suggestions thus briefly outlined cannot be further elaborated in this place. The conditions of the problem are too diversified to make its solution possible by rule of thumb. Indeed, the danger in carrying them out at all lies in the direction of making these forms of family activity too mechanical. They are in reality an "outward and visible sign of an inward and spiritual grace," the manifestation of those things of the spirit for which the physical processes of the household should serve as the foundation and starting point.

The Activities Of The Household. Questions

1. What reasons can you give for not distinguishing any special human interests as belonging to "the higher life"?

2. What needs come with a larger income?

3. What class of people find the most difficulty in meeting their needs, and why?

4. How is the satisfaction of such needs to be determined?

5. What features of the older home life must be retained in order to secure its permanence and vitality?

6. What new features does modern life make necessary?

7. Describe agencies which can be used in the modern well-to-do home for the development of efficiency, character, and sense of responsibility in children. Which of them are not to be had in hotels and boarding houses?

8. Specify some ways by which regard both for the individuality and for the common interests of the family can be served in the organization and administration of the household.

9. What are some of the "communal pleasures" which the people of your town enjoy?

10. What influences and resources can be used in the home to check the love of crowd and of communal pleasures?

11. Why is household life more complex now, with all labor-saving appliances, than it formerly was?

12. What arrangements should be made in money matters between the different members of the family?

13. To what extent does genuine hospitality require a modification of the customs of the family?

14. When the purchase of a ready-made article, such as a piece of underclothing, involves more money outlay and less expenditure of time than making it at home would demand, what plans have you for a satisfactory and profitable use of the leisure secured?

15. Discuss the outside interests which do or should have the active interest of the mother.

The Activities Of The Household. Bibliography

Democracy and Social Ethics, Chapters II and III.

Jane Addams. New York: The Macmillan Co. Introduction to the Study of Society. Small and Vincent.

New York: American Book Co. Ethics, Chapter XXVI. Dewey and Tufts. New York:

Henry Holt & Co. Household Economics, Chapters I and XII. Helen Campbell. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons.

Theory of the Leisure Class. T. B. Veblen. New York: The Macmillan Co.

The Education of Women. Marion Talbot. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Home Problems from a New Standpoint. C. L. Hunt.Boston: Whitcomb & Barrows.

The Home. C. P. Gilman. New York: Charlton Co. Euthenics. E. H. Richards. Boston: Whitcomb & Barrows.

The Cost of Living, Chapter VIII (Education). E. H. Richards. New York: John Wiley & Sons.