Additional rights for the plebeians were secured the following year by the Valerio-Horatian laws, sometimes called the Magna Charta of Rome. By these laws, a right of appeal was given from the decisions of all officials, the tribunes could assess fines of any amount, subject to the approval of the comitia tributa; the tribunes were also allowed to sit on a bench at the door of the senate house; and the management of the public funds were taken away from the consuls and given to two new officials, called quaestors, who were chosen by the whole body of freeholders. At first quaestors were chosen exclusively from the patricians, but in 421 B. C, plebeians were made eligible for this office.

The greatest of all triumphs obtained by the plebeians was by the passage of the Licinian Act in 367 B. C, after a long struggle of eleven years. By this act it was provided that one consul must be a plebeian, the use of the public lands was again reformed, plebeians were made eligible to one of the sacred colleges, and a new officer known as a praetor, or judge, was created. The plebeians were still excluded from holding a few offices, but these were gradually one by one thrown open to them, until the two orders were on a complete political equality. Scarcely had the long contest between patricians and plebeians, terminated, however, when a new and more permanent dividing line appeared, in the distinction between rich and poor.