This section is from the book "Popular Law Library Vol4 Torts, Damages, Domestic Relations", by Albert H. Putney. Also available from Amazon: Popular Law-Dictionary.
No wrong is more early recognized in the primitive state of the law than the wrongful application of force to the person. A large portion of every early code is occupied with provisions for the punishment of, or atonement for, such wrongs. The early connection between this species of torts and criminal law has been so often referred to in the previous chapters of this volume and under the subject of Legal History, as to render further discussion at this time unnecessary.