"The word 'cy-pres,' means, 'near,' 'next to'; 'as near as may be.' Where the literal execution of the trusts of a charitable gift is inexpedient or impracticable, a court of equity will execute them, as nearly as it can, according to the original plan. The general principle upon which the court acts is that, if the testator has manifested a general intention to give to a charity, the failure of the particular mode in which the charity is to be executed shall not destroy the charity; but, if the substantial intention is charity, the law will substitute another mode of devoting the property to charitable purposes, though the formal intention as to the mode cannot be accomplished." 8

4 Manners vs. Philadelphia Library

Co., 93 Pa. St., 165. 5 Clement vs. Hyde, 50 Vt., 716.

6 In re Foveaux, 2 Ch., 201.

7 George vs. Braddock, 45 N. J.

Eq., 757.