The confederating part consists of a charge that the defendants and divers other persons unknown, but whose names when discovered it is prayed may be inserted in the bill, have combined and confederated together to defraud complainant of his rights.

1 42 N. J. Eq., 563; 7 Atl., 881.

2 Weisman vs. Mining Co., 4 Jones Eq. (N. C), 112.

The reason for inserting this part is found in the fact that it was formerly considered necessary in order to permit the later addition of other parties who might be found necessary to the suit. This view has now been abandoned, and this part of the bill is absolutely unnecessary. It may be inserted or left out at the pleasure of the pleader.