This section is from the book "Popular Law Library Vol7 Equity Jurisprudence, Trusts, Equity Pleading", by Albert H. Putney. Also available from Amazon: Popular Law-Dictionary.
Unless answer under oath is expressly waived by the complainant in his bill, the defendant's answer will stand as evidence for both parties to the suit.
always impertinent, but the contrary is not true, and nothing will be deemed impertinent which can be of any influence in the decision of the suit, either as to subject-matter, the relief sought, or the costs." Shipman on Equity Pleading, Sec. 342.