Social heredity also extends to occupations.

The relative pull of the father's trade on his children in comparison with the pull of any other trade is found to be as three to one. . . . Based on 2415 answers to a circular letter (English). - American Economic Review, Vol. 3, p. 764.

The owner of the large manufacturing plant at my home has a son who started at the bottom to learn the business and has risen steadily upward. He will be able to assume the responsibility of management when his father retires.

Not far from my home lives an old man on a large farm. His grandfather was born on that farm, his father was born there, he himself was born there, and he has a son who was born there. The son attended the agricultural school at Madison and now works on the farm with his father.

1 These apt phrases of Veblen's are taken from his Theory of the Leisure Class, PP. 338, 339, 344-

In the same community lives a retired farmer whose father was a shoemaker. He has three sons and two daughters. The farm on which they formerly lived is situated near the station so that the children had a good opportunity to attend higher schools. One of the boys is now a lawyer, one a dentist, and one a mail carrier. One of the girls is a trained nurse and the other is preparing to be a stenographer. The farm is now in the hands of strangers.

As this last example shows, universal education, the movement of people from place to place, the supplanting of old trades by mechanical inventions, and the great variety of occupations now open to young people are diminishing the tendency of children to follow the occupations of their parents.