Old Ka1ser William.
The Empress Augusta.
I noticed that several pen-racks, clocks, thermometers, and paperweights were made of malachite or lapis-lazuli, souvenirs doubtless of a visit to St. Petersburg. But, as if such ornaments were not sufficiently warlike, his inkstand was made from half of a cannon-ball, some of his penholders had been manufactured out of splintered Uhlan lances, and a couple of paper-weights were fashioned from the hoofs of horses killed in battle. I observed, also, a bust of Frederick the Great, and an equestrian statue of the Emperor's father; while, opposite them, the sculptured face of his good wife Augusta looked down with tranquillity, perhaps not quite true to life, upon the wild disorder of the table.
The Kaiser's Antechamber.
The Kaiser's Study.
During the reign of William I., the flags of the regiment on duty at Berlin were kept in this palace. Accordingly, whenever the guard assembled for review, the color-bearers used to enter the royal residence to secure their standards, which the Emperor frequently presented to them with his own hands. I noticed hanging by the window in the Kaiser's study, a calendar composed of three hundred and sixty-five pages, each of which bore the date of the day of the month, together with a verse from the Bible or a literary quotation. Below these were printed the chief events that had occurred during the Kaiser's reign, including battles, victories, births, deaths, travels, receptions, and sicknesses. These, in the life of as old a man as William I., were very numerous, and morning after morning must have brought a number of important anniversaries forcibly to his attention. Moreover, to increase their value, the Emperor was in the habit of writing on these leaflets any remarks which he desired to add to the collection, and these would duly appear in their placeson the calendar of the following year. The Jewish Synagogue, in Berlin, is a magnificent structure, which can seat nearly five thousand people, and cost about one and a half million dollars. Its Moorish arabesques and arches, and the resplendent stained glass in its dome and windows, give to the building an impression of Oriental wealth and luxury that I have never seen in other sanctuaries, save a few in Russia. That this imposing Israelitish temple is, in its architectural beauty and the quality of its music, superior to any Christian church in the city, is a fact of great significance. The Hebrew element in Berlin, which numbers about seventy thousand souls, is very strong and influential. In spite of years of persecution and unjust oppression, the Jews to-day are among the foremost, not merely in commercial circles, but also in the ranks of doctors, journalists, and lawyers. Most of the Berlin newspapers are wholly, or in part, controlled by them; and the leader of the liberal party and the ablest debater in the Reichstag for years was the Hebrew Lasker. No doubt this is partly due to the fact that more than half the Jewish children in Berlin receive a liberal education, while only about one-fifth of the children of other religions enjoy as good advantages. Yet, only half a century ago, no Berlin Jew could marry without special permission from the King. Frederick the Great took advantage of this law, after he had purchased the porcelain manufactory at Berlin, by insisting that every Hebrew couple should buy a certain amount of porcelain, the quantity to be purchased being specified on the margin of the marriage certificate.
In The Emperor S Palace.
The Jewish Synagogue.
One of the most delightful features of Berlin is the Thiergarten, a densely wooded and attractive park; beginning at the Brandenburg Gate and presenting thence, for two miles, a charming maze of drives and shaded walks, adorned with flowers and statues.