The Pasha's Son

The Pasha's Son.

The Pasha

The Pasha.

Before we left the house my friend conducted me into the smoking-room of the mansion.

"Has the Pasha a large establishment? "I inquired. "Not for the Orient," was the reply, "although there are eight or ten servants in the harem, and fourteen here in the selamlik, merely to wait on the Pasha, his son and myself."

"What do they all find to do?" I asked in astonishment.

"You must renumber," said my friend, "that in the Orient, each servant has his specialty, and will do nothing else. Moreover, there are many gradations in their rank. Highest of all are the Pasha's amanuensis and his steward. Beneath them come the head cook, the master of the stables, and a valet for each of us. Next in rank are the men who row the family on the-Bosporus, the gardeners, grooms and stable-boys; while last of all are a few lesser functionaries, whose duty it is to wait on those above them."

I see," I laughingly exclaimed, "it is as the poet has told us:

"Great fleas have little fleas upon their backs to bite 'em; And little fleas have lesser fleas. and so ad infinitum"

A Turkish Lady

A Turkish Lady.

Therapia, A Summer Resort On The Bosporus

Therapia, A Summer Resort On The Bosporus.

" But what is the cost of all this?" I continued, seriously.

"Not so much as you may imagine, was the reply. "One thousand dollars a month covers the whole expense of this large household, including horses, carriages, private boat, food and clothing for all, and salaries for this retinue of servants."

The harem of a Turkish house must always be to the male sex more or less of a mystery; but if the ladies who do me the honor to read these pages could enter one, they might perhaps be surprised to find there only one wife. For, although allowed by law to have four wives, the Turk of the present day rarely has more than one. This fact is no doubt due in part to motives of economy; for every wife is legally entitled to her separate apartment and her private servants; and this, in these days, even in the Orient, involves a large expenditure of money. Moreover, since a Mohammedan's wives must all be treated on a basis of perfect equality, any expense which the husband incurs for one, must be exactly multiplied by the number of his other consorts. Hence, we can un-derstand the Turkish proverb which declares that a household with four wives is like a vessel in a storm.

The Tutor

The Tutor.

The Smoking Room

The Smoking-Room.

Tinting The Eyebrows

Tinting The Eyebrows.

In the complicated phases of modern society polygamy in large Oriental cities at least, is practically curing itself, save in the case of the Sultan, or of wealthy officials. My friend declared that in all his acquaintance at Constantinople, he knew only one man who had two wives, and he was a Frenchman who had become a Moslem. It is well to remember also, in justice to Mohammed, that the law permitting each of his followers to have four wives was really a limitation of the polygamy existing before his time. Polygamy had flourished in the Orient for ages. The Patriarchs had several wives. King Solomon (who nevertheless enjoyed a reputation for wisdom) is said to have had seven hundred.

It is often carelessly stated that the Islam faith regards all women as soulless, and denies them immortality. This is not so. The Koran repeatedly assures to women equal participation with men in the joys of Paradise. Thus, one verse reads: " God hath promised to all believers, men and women, gardens and goodly places to dwell in forever." Again, even more explicitly, it states: "For all believing men and believing women; devout men and devout women; for truthful men and truthful women; and for all men and women who remember him, God hath prepared forgiveness and a great reward." And every Friday, at the conclusion of the sermon, a collect is recited, praying that divine mercy and grace may rest upon all faithful and believing women, whether living or dead.