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The Flower-Garden; Or, Breck's Book Of Flowers | by Joseph Breck



Book of flowers in which are described all the various hardy herbaceous perennials, annuals, shrubby plants, and evergreen trees, desirable for ornamental purposes, with directions for their cultivation

TitleThe Flower-Garden; Or, Breck's Book Of Flowers
AuthorJoseph Breck
PublisherA 0. Moore, Agricultural Book Publisher
Year1859
Copyright1859, Joseph Breck
AmazonThe Flower-Garden: Or, Breck's Book Of Flowers

By Joseph Breck,

Beedsman And Florist, And Former Editor Of The New England Farmer And Til Horticultural Register.

New Edition, Revised And Enlarged.

New York : A 0. Moore, Agricultural Book Publisher, (Late C. M. Saxton & Co.,)

No. 140 Fulton Street. 1859.

Ensered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1851 by JOHN P. JEWETT & CO., In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the District of Massachusetts,

Stereotyped by Hobart & Robbins, New England Type And Stereotype Foundery, Boston.

-Introduction
The object of this volume is the diffusion of general knowledge and practical information in relation to the floral kingdom, particularly for hardy trees, shrubs and plants, desirable for the embellis...
-Preface To The New Edition
Five years have passed since the author very hastily penned the first edition of his Book of Flowers. The work was originally designed to be embraced in two hundred pages; but it was found impossible ...
-On The Importance Of The Cultivation Of Flowers
How exquisitely sweet This rich display of flowers, -This airy wild of fragrance, So lovely to the eye, And to the sense so sweet! And round about he taught sweet flowers to grow. Flowers! ...
-Laying Out The Flower-Garden
And the sinuous paths of lawn and moss, Which led through the garden along and across; Some opened at once to the sun and the breeze, - Some lost among bowers of blossoming trees, - Were all paved wi...
-Garden Walks
Width of Walks. - The main walk, or walks, of a garden, should be laid out on a liberal scale. Nothing detracts so much from the pleasures of the flower-garden as contracted walks. When we wish to enj...
-Planting Box And Other Edging
The surface of the garden having been levelled, and the walks dug out, according to the plan, and partially filled with stones and coarse gravel, the operator may now proceed to plant the box edgings,...
-Selections Of Flowering Plants For The Garden
To raise your flowers, various arts combine, Study these well, and fancy's flight decline; If you would have a vivid, vigorous breed, Of every kind, examine well the seed; Learn to what element...
-Native Plants
Many beautiful plants may be selected from the woods and fields, by those who wish to ornament their grounds at the least expense. These would be more highly prized than many far-fetched plants, that ...
-Old-Fashioned Flowers Not To Be Discarded
In selecting for the garden, it should be borne in mind that many of the new varieties of flowers, of recent introduction trumpeted forth, in advertisements and catalogues, as being exquisite, superb...
-Rock-Work
There are many plants that succeed best when planted among rocks; and, for their accommodation and to show off their beauties to the greatest advantage, it is common in many gardens, to have an append...
-Lawns
No flower-garden can be complete without some grass. There are but very few, however, who can afford the luxury of an extensive grass lawn; but every one wishes for a few rods, at least, about the hou...
-Remarks On The Cultivation Of Perennials, Biennials, And Annuals
A flowery crown will I compose - I'll weave the Crocus, weave the Rose; I '11 weave Narcissus, newly wet, The Hyacinth and Violet; The Myrtle shall supply me green, And Lilies laugh in light betwe...
-Bulbous Perennials
They are of three kinds, - viz., hardy, or such as grow m the open border; half-hardy, such as will not stand out over winter, or requiring a frame or the green-house; and stove, or those that will no...
-Herbaceous Perennials And Biennials
The mode of cultivating this class of plants is perfectly easy; three things chiefly have to be attended to. First, the manner of propagation. Second, the most suitable soil. Third, the requisite temp...
-Annuals
The plants generally known as annuals, are raised from the seed, perfect their flowers, mature their seed the same season, and then perisn. There are some flowers, however, cultivated as annuals, that...
-On The Culture Of Hardy Deciduous And Evergreen Shrubs
I like a shrubbery, too, it looks so fresh; And then there is some variety about it. In spring, the Lilac and the Snowball flower, And the Laburnum, with its golden strings Waving in the wind; and...
-A Descriptive List Of Bulbous-Rooted Plants, With Directions For Their Cultivation
Fair-handed Spring unbosoms every grace; Throws out the Snow-drop and the Crocus first; The Daisy, Primrose, Violet darkly blue, And Polyanthus of unnumbered dyes; The yellow Wall-flower stained...
-Anemone. Wind Flower. Garden Anemone
See ! yon Anemones their leaves unfold, With rubies flaming, and with living gold. Very little attention has been paid in this section of the country, to the cultivation of this most beautiful fl...
-Amaryllis
Amaryllis formosissima, or Jacobean Lily, is a flower of great beauty. It is a tender bulb, but succeeds well when planted in May, in the open border, in a rich, sandy soil. The top of the bulb should...
-Crocus
Glad as the spring, when the first Crocus comes To laugh amid the shower. The Spring Crocus is a very common bulbous-rooted plant, of which there are many varieties annually imported from Holland...
-Dahlia
In queenly elegance the Dahlia stands, And waves her coronet. The Dahlia is a native of Mexico, found on the table land of that country, and I have sometimes wished it had been let alone there, ...
-Ferraria. Tiger Flower
The Mexican Tiger Flower, or Ferraria pavonia, and F. conchiflora, are flowers of exquisite beauty. The bulbs are tunicated, producing from one to four stems each, from eighteen inches to two feet hig...
-Fritillaria. Fritillary
The Crown Imperial, or Fritillaria impertalis, is supposed to be a native of Persia. There are many varieties; all hand-some, varying in color; viz., bright yellow, scarlet, orange scarlet, double red...
-Galanthus. Snow-Drop
uAlready now the Snow-drop dares appear, The first pale blossom of the unripened year; And Flora's breath, by some transforming power, Had changed an icicle into a flower. Galanthus nivalis. - ...
-Gladiolus. Corn-Flag
Gladiolus communis is a hardy, showy border-flower, of which there are several varieties in cultivation, viz., white, purple, and red. They should be planted in October, on a rich sandy soil, about tw...
-Hyacinthus. Garden Hyacinth
Hyacinth, with sapphire bell Curling backwards. The youths whose locks divinely spreading, Like vernal Hyacinths in sullen hue. The Hyacinth is a highly esteemed florist's flower, of easy cu...
-Iris. Flower-De-Luce
The Flower-de-luce, and the round sparks of dew, That hung upon their azure leaves, did show Like twinkling stars, that sparkle in the evening dew. The Iris is a very extensive and beautiful fami...
-Lilium. The Lily
Have you seen but a bright Lily grow, Before rude hands have touched it ? Queen of the field, in milk-white mantle drest, The lovely Lily waved her curling crest. All the species of this sp...
-Narcissus. Common Daffodil. Some Jonquilles Species
No gradual bloom is wanting; from the bud, First born of the spring, to summer's murky tribes: Nor Hyacinths of purest virgin white, . Low bent, and blushing inward; nor Jonquilles, Of potent frag...
-Paeonia. Peony
This interesting genus contains many magnificent flowering plants, embracing at least one hundred varieties and species, all of which are desirable for the border, and perfectly hardy, standing over w...
-Ranunculus. Ranunculus Asiaticus
The Asiatic Ranunculus is one of the most splendid class of florist's flowers in cultivation; but, unfortunately, our climate is so uncongenial for its perfection, and it requires so much skill and ca...
-Tuberosa. Polianthus Tuberosa
The Tuberose, with her silver light, That in the gardens of Malay Is called the mistress of the night; So like a bride, scented and bright, She comes out when the sun 's away. The Tuberose ...
-Tulipia. Garden Tulip
Then comes the Tulip race, where beauty plays Her idle freaks; from family diffused To family, as flies the father dust, The varied colors run; and while they break On the charmed eye, th' exulting f...
-A Description Of The Properties Of A Fine Late Tulip
The stem should be strong, elastic, and erect, and about thirty inches above the surface of the bed. The flower should be large, and composed of six petals. These should form almost a perfect cup, ...
-Directions For The Flowering Of Dutch Bulbs In Pots Or Glasses
Hyacinths may be planted in pots from the latter end of October until December. The soil used should consist of about one third of white or river sand, and the remaining two thirds equal proportions ...
-Descriptive List Of Perennial And Biennial, Herbaceous, Border, And Other Flowers
Not useless are ye, flowers; though made for pleasure, Blooming o'er field and wave by day and night; From every source your sanction bids me treasure Harmless delight. ...
-Achillea. Milfoil
A. ptarmica. - Sneezewort. - This is a desirable border flower, particularly the double variety, as it continues in bloom most of the season, throwing up a succession of its double white flowers in co...
-Aconitum. Monkshood. Wolfsbane
The common Monkshood is a well known inhabitant of the garden. There are many species, all handsome perennial border flowers. They may be increased by parting the roots, which are of a tuberous charac...
-Actaea
This is an indigenous perennial plant, suitable for the shrubbery, found in the woods. There are two species or varieties: -A. rubra, with shining red berries, and A. alba, with milk-white berries, ti...
-Agrostemma. Rose Campion. Mullen Pink
A common, showy border flower; not a perfect perennial, but easily kept by dividing the roots. It is also propagated from seeds, which flower the second year. The common variety has deep red flowers, ...
-Adonis
Adonis vernalis is a handsome perennial border plant, one foot high, producing yellow flowers in May or June. It is a native of the South of Europe. It succeeds in any common garden soil, if not too h...
-Alyssum. Rock Alyssum. Golden Alyssum
Alyssum saxatile, - Rock or Golden Alyssum, - is a desirable vernal flower, of dwarf habit, proper for rock-work, or to be planted in masses; the flowers are of a brilliant golden yellow, completely c...
-Althaea
And from the nectaries of Hollyhocks, The bumblebee, e'en till he faints, will sip. Althaea rosea. - Chinese Hollyhock. - A great improvement has been made in this old-fashioned, ordinary flo...
-Anemone. Pasque Flower. Musk-Scented Geranium
Anemone pulsatilla is an old-fashioned English perennial border flower, easily cultivated, and described by Gerarde, the herbalist, in his book written two hundred and fifty years ago, thus :- It hat...
-Amsonia
Amsonia latifolia. - Broad-leaved Amsonia. - Amsonia salicifolia - Willow-leaved Amsonia. - Natives of our southern states. These two species resemble each other somewhat, except one has long, broad, ...
-Antirrhinum. Snap-Dragon
This is a curious, as well as an ornamental, genus of plants, mostly perennials or biennials. The word Antirrhinum is derived from words in Greek which express similar to a nose. The flower bears a ...
-Aquilegia. Columbine
Aquilegia, from aquila, an eagle. The inverted spurs of the flower have been likened to the talons of a bird of prey. A: vulgaris, and its varieties, are too well known to require description. Some...
-Armeria. Thrift
This genus contains a number of ornamental plants, generally well adapted for rock-work. Armeria vulgaris is the Common Thrift of the garden, and, next to Box, desirable for edgings. It is rapidly ...
-Aster. Star-Flower
This large genus of plants embraces more than ninety species, all inhabitants of the United States; some of them very handsome; giving life and beauty to our fields and woods, during the autumnal mont...
-Asclepias. Swallow-Wort
This is a numerous genus of plants, of which there are found in the United States about twenty species. Many of them are cultivated in England as ornamental plants, and, in an extensive collection, th...
-Baptisia
Baptisia, from bapto, to dye: in allusion to the economical properties of some species. A blue dye is extracted from the leaves. Baptisia australis was formerly Sophora australis, and is commonly c...
-Bellis. Common Daisy
Bellis perennis. - A well-known perennial, m bloom from March to August; three inches high. There are several varieties, as the red, white, blush, red-quilled, white-quilled, hen and chicken, etc. ...
-Campanula. Bell-Flower
This is a large family of plants, mostly handsome, hardy, perennial; some of them very beautiful, and about all suitable for ornamenting the borders. We have one indigenous species, which is very pret...
-Cardamine
Cardamine pratensis pleno. - Double Cardamine. - A hardy perennial, from Britain, one foot high, with double white flowers, in May or June; propagated by dividing the root. ...
-Cassia
Cassia Marylandica. - Maryland Cassia. - A hardy, indigenous perennial, four feet high, with yellow flowers, from August to September. Many of this genus are beautiful plants, but mostly tender; some ...
-Catananche
Catananche cerulea. - Blue Catananche. - A handsome per-ennial,from the south of Europe, one and a half foot high, with brilliant blue flowers in July and August. Propagated from seed and by parting t...
-Chrysanthemum. Chinese Chrysanthemum
This is one of the handsomest autumnal flowers, and easily cultivated in almost any soil. It stands the winter without covering, but is best cultivated in pots, where it can receive protection when in...
-Chelone
Chelone barhata. - Scarlet Chelone. - A half hardy perennial, from Mexico, three feet high, from July to September, with orange scarlet flowers. It will be necessary to cover it well with fine boughs ...
-Clematis. Virgin's Bower
Clematis, from Greek, a tendril; in allusion to the climbing habits of most of the species. The species are mostly climbing shrubs, or herbaceous perennials, of rapid growth, free bloomers, very ornam...
-Convallaria. Solomon's Seal
No flower amid the garden fairer grows Than the sweet Lily of the lowly vale, The queen of flowers. Convallaria majalis. - Lily of the Valley. - An elegant and delicate, sweet-scented plant, whic...
-Convolvulus. Morning Glory
Convolvulus, from convolvere, to entwine. This is an extensive genus, of much beauty. The sweet potato belongs to this family. Nearly all are climbers. Convolvulus panduratus. - Virginian Convolvul...
-Coronilla Varia
Coronilla varia is the only hardy herbaceous perennial with which we are acquainted in the genus. It is worthy a place in the flower-garden, provided it is kept within due bounds. This may-be done by ...
-Coreopsis
Among the numerous family of Coreopsis, are included a number of showy perennials, with yellow flowers, all perfectly hardy, and easily propagated by division of the roots. Coreopsis lanceolata, - ...
-Corydalis. Fumitory
Corydalis fungosa. - Wood Fringe, or Climbing Fumitory. - An elegant, indigenous, biennial, climbing vine, growing, frequently, in rich ground, from fifteen to thirty feet, in one season; with pink an...
-Cyprepedium. Lady's Slipper
Cyprepedium, from Greek words, Venus, and a slipper, in allusion to the elegant slipper-like form of the labellum. Handsome indigenous plants, that thrive only in a shady border and peat soil. The ...
-Cynoglossum. Navelwort
It is a beautiful little perennial plant, with brilliant blue flowers, in April and May; six inches high, and is common in every cottager's garden in England; and would be here, if more extensively kn...
-Delphinium. Larkspur
There are many species and varieties of the perennial Larkspur, which are indispensable in a collection of plants; all hardy, flourish in almost any soil, and easily propagated by dividing the roots. ...
-Dianthus. Pink
Dianthus, signifying the flower of God, or divine flower, so named on account of its preeminent beauty. Most of the species of this genus are highly valued, not only for the beauty of their flowers, b...
-Dictamnus
Dictamnus fraxinella, - Red Fraxinella, - an ancient name of what is now supposed to be the Origanum dictamnus. Fraxinella, in allusion to the remarkable similarity which exists between the leaves of ...
-Digitalis. Foxglove
Digitalis; named,by Fuchs, from digitabulum, a thimble in allusion to the form of the flowers. The species are, for the most part, showy border flowers, ot easy culture. Digitalis purpurea, with...
-Dodecatheon
Dodecatheon is a name of the Romans, signifying twelve gods or divinities. D. media. - American Cowslip. - A highly ornamental plant, displaying its flowers in May and June; throwing up stems a foo...
-Dracocephalum. Dragon's Head
Dracocephalum, from Greek words signifying a dragon's head, because the flowers are fancied to resemble a dragon's head. Most of the species are hardy perennials, easily propagated from divisions of t...
-Epilobium. Willow Herb
Epilobium, from Greek words, signifying a flower growing upon a pod. E. augustifolium, and other species, are valuable in shrubberies as thriving under the drip of trees, and succeed everywhere, even ...
-Erythronium. Dog's-Tooth Violet
E. Americanum, - Yellow-flowered Dog's-tooth Violet, -is a beautiful native plant, found in moist woods and thickets. Its roots are bulbous, running deep into the ground; they cannot be removed in saf...
-Euphorbia. Spurge
Euphorbia corollata. - Great-flowered Euphorbia. - This is one of the most elegant species peculiar to the United States; a perennial, with subdivided umbels of conspicuous white flowers, and narrowis...
-Eupatorium. Thoroughwort
Eupatorium purpureum. - Purple Thoroughwort. - Purple flowers in August; perennial; four to six feet high; indigenous; leaves in fours and fives. This plant cannot be said to be elegant, yet it is not...
-Gentiana. Gentian
Gentiana saponaria. - Barrel-flowered Gentian. - A hand-some indigenous perennial, with blue flowers in September. From one and a half to two feet high. A curious, barrel-shaped flower, to be found on...
-Gerardia. American Foxglove
Gerardm; in honor of John Gerarde, the old English botanist. Gerardia flava, and G. quercifolia, are beautiful native plants, with five large, bell-shaped, yellow flowers, but difficult to introduc...
-Gilia. Cantua Coronopifolia Of Willdenow
Gilia coronopifolia, the Cantua coronopifolia of Willdenow. - The different names of Ipomopsis, Cantua and Ipomea, have given place to Gilia, amongst which genus, after minute examination, this flower...
-Glycine. Ground-Nut
Glycine, from glykys, sweet; the leaves and root of one species are sweet. Glycine frutescens, and especially Glycine sinensis, (now Wistaria consequena,) are most beautiful hardy climbing shrubs, wi...
-Geranium
Geranium pratense. - It is said that its flowers partake of a degree of delicacy by which it greatly surpasses in effect its more common blue congener. Its flowers vary much in the portion of color w...
-Glaucium
Glaucium fulvum. - Horned Poppy. - It has an unlucky common name, otherwise it would, perhaps, be more generally introduced into the garden than it appears to be, as it deserves a place in every colle...
-Hepatica. Early Anemone
Hepatica triloba. - Three-lobed. - This delicate little plant is one of the earliest visitors in spring, flowering in sunny spots before the snow has left the ground. The flowers are bluish-purple, an...
-Hesperis. Garden Rocket
Hesperis matronal/is. - Dame's Violet. - The single varieties of this fragrant flower are common in most gardens. It is a biennial or imperfect perennial, easily raised from seeds, producing flowers t...
-Helianthus. Sun-Flower
Heliantkics, from Greek, signifying the sun and a flower. Nothing can be a more complete ideal representation of the sun, than the gigantic annual Sun-flower, with its golden rays. It is dedicated, wi...
-Hemerocallis. Day Lily
Hemeroccdlis, from the Greek words, signifying beautiful day-lily; part of the tribe is now separated in the genus Funkia It is an ornamental tribe, of the easiest cultivation. Hemerocallis flava, ...
-Hibiscus
Hibiscus is one of the Greek names for the Mallows. The species are for the most part showy, and easily cultivated; the flower is Mallows or Hollyhock shaped. Hibiscus militaries. - Halbert-leaved ...
-Hypericum. St. John's-Wort
Of this plant there are several varieties growing wild, which are troublesome weeds. Hypericum ascyroides. - Giant Hypericum. - This is a tall plant, three or four feet high, with large .yellow flo...
-Iberis. Candy Tuft
There is but one species of perennial Candy Tuft generally known among us, and this is deserving a place in every garden, which is Iberis tenoreana. This plant is half shrubby at the base, with delica...
-Iris. Fleur-De-Lis
The enamelled earth, that from her verdant breast Lavished spontaneously ambrosial flowers, The very sight of which can soothe to rest A thousand cares, and charm our sweetest hours. The bulbo...
-Lathyrus. Everlasting Pea
Lathyrus latifolius, or Everlasting Pea, is a most beautiful, large, diffuse perennial, producing a long succession of large light-purple or pink flowers, in clusters of eight or ten each. The plant i...
-Lamium
Lamia was a celebrated sea-monster. The flowers of this genus have a considerable resemblance to the grotesque figure of some beast. Most of the species are ugly weeds. Lamium rugosom, or Rough-lea...
-Lobelia. Cardinal Flower
The generic name is in honor of M. Lobel, physician and botanist to James I. The genus is very large, containing more than eighty species. The predominant color is blue. Many of the family are very or...
-Lunaria. Honesty
Lunaria biennis. - Honesty is an old-fashioned plant, flowering the second year from seed, and then dying. It produces large purple flowers, in May and June, that are succeeded by large elliptical pod...
-Lupin
Most of the species are ornamental plants, suitable for the garden; some annual, but mostly perennials. Lupinus perennis is a well-known species, indigenous to many parts of New England, found, fre...
-Lychnis
Lychnis chalcedonica. - Scarlet Lychnis. - This is common in most gardens, under the name of London Pride. It is an. esteemed border flower, of easy cultivation. The flowers are brilliant scarlet, whi...
-Lysamachia. Loose Strife
Most of the species are bog plants, of the easiest culture. L. mummularia, - Moneywort, - is an ornamental creeping perennial, with yellow flowers all the season, suitable for rock-work, or hanging fr...
-Lythrum. Willow Herb
Lythrum, from the Greek, black blood; in allusion to the color of the flowers. L. salicaria is a native British perennial, and is considered a handsome border flower; three or four feet high, with ...
-Malva. Mallows
Some of the species are showy plants. All the species are of the easiest cultivation. M. alcea. - A pretty, hardy perennial, from Germany, with purple flowers from July to October; three feet high;...
-Monarda. Tall Balm
Monarda, in honor of Nicholas Monardez, a physician of Seville in the 16th century. Most of the species are aromatic, and resemble mint in their habits and mode of cut ture. M. didyma. - Oswego Tea...
-Oenothera. Evening Primrose
A number of the family are hardy perennial border plants. The flowers of most of the species expand in the evening. O. macrocarpa. - This showy species has large, fleshy roots, which throw out decu...
-Orchis
This is a beautiful and very curious genus of plants, of which we have a number of native species, growing mostly in swampy places. They will not succeed well in the garden, unless they can have a moi...
-Orobus. Bitter Vetch
Orobus niger is a hardy perennial, with which we have been acquainted for a number of years, and can recommend it as being pretty, with very dark purple flowers, which are produced in June and July; t...
-Papaver. Poppy. Oriental Poppy
Papaver orientalis. - Oriental Poppy. - This is a most magnificent perennial, worth all the rest of the Poppy tribe. Its large, gorgeous, orange scarlet flowers, display themselves in the month of Jun...
-Pentstemon
The genus Pentstemon embraces a family of beautiful plants, worthy the attention of the amateur. Most of the species are hardy, while others require the protection of the frame during the winter. The ...
-Phlox
Your voiceless lips, O flowers, are living preachers, - Each cup a pulpit, and each leaf a hook, Supplying to my fancy numerous teachers, From lowliest nock ' It has been truly said that a colle...
-Polemonium. Jacob's Ladder
Polemonium coeruleum. - Blue-flowered. - This is one of the old standard border flowers, and is known by the common name of Jacob's Ladder, from its beautiful pinnately-cleft leaves, (leaflets arrange...
-Potentilla
Potentilla, in allusion to its supposed potential virtue m medicine. This is a numerous genus, consisting of strawberry-like looking plants, with mostly yellow flowers. Potentilla atrosanguinea....
-Primula. Primrose
This genus consists of beautiful dwarf Alpine plants, of many species, which sport into elegant varieties, under the cultivation of the florist. They are valuable on account of their early appearance ...
-Pulmonaria. Lungwort
Pulmonaria derives its name, some say, from the speckled appearance of the leaves, resembling diseased lungs; but others think that its name has arisen from the plant having been used with success in ...
-Pyrethrum. Feverfew
Pyrethrum parthenium plena, - or Double Feverfew, - is an ornamental plant, with pure white flowers, from June to September; two feet high. It is frequently kept in green-houses, but stands out all wi...
-Ranunculus. Buttercup
There are a number of varieties of Buttercups, which are found double, and are frequently introduced into the flower-garden. Ranunculus repens flora plena is a double variety; the roots are creepin...
-Rudbeckia
This is a genus of North American plants, some of them valuable for the border; all are hardy, and easily propagated by dividing the roots. Rudbeckia fulgida has large, brilliant yellow flowers, wi...
-Sabbatia
This is a pretty genus of North American plants, not much cultivated, but, if properly managed, would no doubt prove a great acquisition. Sabbatia chloiroides is found growing in Plymouth county, o...
-Sarracenia. Side-Saddle Flower
This very curious plant is found growing in our wet, boggy meadows and swamps. It will succeed in any wet corner of the garden, (if there is any such,) and it is well worthy a place, on account of the...
-Sanguinaria. Bloodroot
From sanguis, blood. All the parts, on being wounded discharge a blood-colored fluid. Sanguinaria canadensis. - This is a singular and very delicate looking, indigenous plant, producing shining whi...
-Saxifraga. Saxifrage
An elegant and extensive genus of Alpine plants, which have long been favorites in English gardens; most of them are dwarf plants, and suitable for rock-work; but many species are difficult to cultiva...
-Sedum. Stone Crop
Sedum, from sedere. - These plants, growing upon the bare rock, look as if sitting upon it. The species are low succulent, some of them pretty, others curious; but none of them remarkable in any way. ...
-Solidago. Golden Rod
This is an extensive family of native plants, some of them showy, with dense spikes, or panicles of yellow flowers, in August and September. A few of them look pretty in the garden, and help to make u...
-Spiraea
This genus affords numerous ornamental shrubs and herbaceous plants, some of them very desirable. Among the herbaceous are the following, which are all very hardy, and easily propagated by dividing th...
-Statice. Sea Lavender
This is a very ornamental genus. The species are not common, and require a little care in cultivation. Statice speciosa and tartarica are amomg the prettiest of hardy plants. ...
-Tradescantia. Spiderwort
All the species are of the easiest culture, but not many of them can be called beautiful. Tradescantia Virginica is a valuable border flower, on account of its continued succession of fine blue flo...
-Trollius. Globe Flower
Trollius is derived from trol, or trollen, an old German word signifying something round, in allusion to the globular form of the flowers. T. Europaeus flowers in June and July. It has large lemon-...
-Valeriana. Valerian
Valeriana phu, - Garden Valerian, - is a tall-growing plant, three or four feet high, producing an abundance of small, white, fragrant flowers, in May and June, in large corymbs; desirable on account ...
-Veronica. Speedwell
An extensive family, most of the species being ornamenta. plants, the taller growing sorts suitable for the borders, and those of a more dwarfish habit for the rockery. The flowers are produced in spi...
-Vinca. Periwinkle
Some of the genus are hardy evergreen trailing plants, valuable for their early and long-continued flowering, flourishing under the shade and drip of trees. The most common hardy species are Vinca maj...
-Viola. Violet
Violets, sweet tenants of the shade, In purple's richest pride arrayed, Your errand here fulfil; Go hid the artist's simple stain Your lustre imitate in vain, And match your Maker's skill. ...
-Yucca. Adam's Needle
This is an ornamental genus of plants, mostly natives ot the southern States and South America. Some of them succeed well in the open ground in the northern States, and form a pleasing contrast with o...
-Descriptive List Of Annual Flowers, With Directions For Their Cultivation
The earth, all light and loveliness, in summer's golden hours, Smiles in her bridal vesture clad, and crowned with festal flowers, So radiantty beautiful, so like to heaven above, We scarce can deem ...
-Ageratum
Ageratum Mextcanum. - Mexican Ageratum. - A half-hardy annual, with light-blue compound flowers, in July and August; about one and a half foot high; very pretty, but not remarkable for beauty. ...
-Adonis Autumnalis
Adonis autumnalis is a hardy annual; the seeds sown in the spring will flower in September. If sown in September, they will flower the June following. The foliage is handsome; the flowers blood-red; o...
-Alyssum
Alyssum maritinum. - Sweet Alyssum. - This is a desirable hardy annual, flowering from June to November; one foot high; flowers white, in long racemes, which continually extend themselves through the ...
-Argemone
Argemone grandijiora is the most showy of the genus; a native of Mexico. Its large flowers, with delicate white petals and numerous yellow stamens, make a splendid appearance, and we think much superi...
-Alonsoa
Beautiful green-house plants, but flower finely in the open ground as annuals. Alonsoa incisifolia. - Nettle-leaved Alonsoa. - The flowers of all the species are a rich scarlet, which are produced ...
-Amaranthus
Amaranthus tricolor. - This is a tender annual, - an old favorite of the flower-garden, - the chief beauty of which consists in its variegated leaves. Miller, in ancient times, says, There is not a h...
-Ammobium
Ammobium alatum. - Winged Ammobium. - This is a very pretty half-hardy annual, with composite white flowers, or with, white, dry, involucral scales, like some of the everlastings. The flowers, when ga...
-Anagallis
Anagallis Indica. - Indian Anagallis. - A dwarf trailing plant, with blue flowers, in July and August. ...
-Aster Chinenis. Callistemme Hortensis. China Aster
The Double China Aster, now known as the German Aster, has, within a few years, been very much improved and perfected by the German florists, and others, so that it is hardly to be recognized as the s...
-Avena
Avena steralis, - or Animated Oat, - is sometimes grown as an object of curiosity, on account of its singular hygrometrical properties. After the seeds have fallen off, their strong beard is so sensib...
-Bartonia
Bartonia aurea. - Golden-flowered. - A very pretty flow-ering annual, the flower-stem rising a foot high. The plant produces a profusion of showy flowers, of a fine golden-yellow color. Each blossom i...
-Browallia
Browallia elata. - Blue Amethyst. - A tender annual from Peru, named by Linnaeus in honor of John Browallius. It grows one and a half foot high, and bears an abundance of small bright-blue flowers, fr...
-Briza. Quaking Grass
Briza, from a Greek word, to balance, the spikelets being continually in a state of suspension, or balance, in the air. It is a curious genus. B. maxima is sometimes cultivated as a border flower; ...
-Brachycome
Brachycome iberidifolia. - Swan Daisy. - A beautiful hardy annual, of dwarf habit, six or eight inches high; in bloom from July to September. Flowers of various shades of white, pink, or blue, suitabl...
-Caccalia
Caccalia coccinnea. - Scarlet Tassel-flower. - A neat annual, of easy culture, one and a half foot high, with scarlet tassel shaped flowers, from July to September. Sow it the first of May. ...
-Calendula. Calandrinia. Calampelis. Calendula
Calendula. - So named because it may be found in flower during the calends of each month, or, which is the same thing, during every month of the year. This cannot be the case in our climate. Calend...
-Calandrinia
Calandrinia grandiflora. - Great-flowering. - This is a half-hardy annual; grows two feet high ; blooms from June to October. It is a fine plant for growing in masses. When the fine, rosy lilac flower...
-Calampelis. Formerly Ecremocarpus
Calampelis scaler. - Rough-podded Calampelis. - This is a beautiful climber, a perennial, but flowers the first year; not sufficiently hardy to stand our winters. Its flowers are produced in panicles ...
-Calliopsis. Elegant Coreopsis
Calliopsis tinctoria. - Elegant Coreopsis. - This is a well-known hardy annual, formerly called Coreopsis tinctoria. The flowers are large and rich, having a dark crimson-brown centre with yellow rays...
-Cardiospermum
Cardiospermum halicacabum. - Balloon Vine, or Love in a Puff. - A half-hardy annual from the West Indies; a creeper. The seed should be sown between the first and tenth of May, and the plant supported...
-Campanula
Campanula speculum. - Venus' Looking-glass. - An annual border flower, of some beauty, very hardy; having it once in the ground, it will sow itself; the young plants may be taken up in the spring and ...
-Canna. Indian Shot
The genus are mostly tropical plants, with elegant foliage from four to eight feet high. Canna Indica, - or Indian Shot Plant. - This is the most common species, and succeeds well as an annual if t...
-Celosia. Cockscomb
Celosia cristata is common in most gardens. The following account is inserted, to give some idea of what may be done by artificial means. Mr. Knight, in October, 1820, sent to the London Horticultura...
-Centaurea
Centaurea Americana. - American Centaurea. - A hand-some hardy annual, discovered by Nuttall, on the alluvial soil of the Arkansas and Red rivers, two or three feet high, with large purplish-pink flow...
-Chriseis. California Poppy
Chriseis Californica. - Formerly Eschsholtzia. - Grows two feet high; blooms from June to September. Flowers brilliant shining yellow. Scarcely any plant produces a greater degree of splendor than thi...
-Chrysanthemum
Chrysanthemum coronaria. - Garden Chrysanthemum. - Handsome hardy annuals, one variety with white, and another with yellow flowers; two feet or more high; in bloom from July to October. Sow the seed i...
-Coix
Coix lackryma. - Job's Tear. - A kind of tropical grass from the East Indies. It is called Job's Tear on account of the appearance of its shiny, pearly fruit, which, when suspended on its slender pedi...
-Clarkia
Clarkia pulchella. - Beautiful Clarkia. - This is a hardy annual, of great beauty, discovered by Captain Clark, in his expedition, with Captain Lewis, to the Columbia River. It is a native of the Rock...
-Clintonia
Clintonia elegans. - Elegant Clintonia. - A beautiful tender annual, with delicate foliage, and rich blue flowers in great profusion; six inches high; in July and August. C. pulchella. - Pretty Cli...
-Cleome
This is an elegant tribe of plants, and very curious in their structure. The petals range themselves on the upper side, and the stamens and pistil are protruded a considerable length on slender filame...
-Cobae
Coboe scandens. - Mexican Climbing Cobae. - This is the most rapid green-house plant known, having been found to grow two hundred feet in one summer, in a conservatory. It is a perennial, but will not...
-Collomia
Collamia coccinnea. - A very lively flower, growing in heads of bright carmine red, rather desirable and early. The seeds have, like some of the Salvias, the curious property of becoming invested with...
-Collinsia
Collinsia bicolor. - Two-colored Collinsia. - A beautiful hardy annual, with white and light-purple flowers, which are numerous and pretty in June and July; one foot high. C. graiidijiora. - Large-...
-Commelina
Commelina coelestis. - Sky-blue Comrnelina. - Tender annual, or perennial if the roots are taken up and housed. The splendid blue flowers of this plant cannot be excelled, and its profusion of blossom...
-Coreopsis. Drummond Coreopsis
Coreopsis Drummondii. - Drummond Coreopsis. - A very showy hardy annual, with large yellow flowers, suitable for growing in masses, as it continues in bloom all the season. One foot high. C. tincto...
-Convolvulus. Morning Glory. Dwarf Convolvulus
Convolvulus minor. - Dwarf Convolvulus. - A beautiful hardy annual, easily cultivated, affording a large mass of beauty from July to October. The plant spreads out much in every direction from the cen...
-Crepis
Crepis barbata. - Purple-eyed Crepis. - The Purple-eyed Crepis is an uncommonly hardy and beautiful annual, of the easiest culture. Sown in masses, and the plants thinned out to eighteen inches distan...
-Datura. Thorn Apple. Apple Of Peru
Datura, tatula, ferox quercifolia. - The first of these is the common weed called the Apple of Peru; ferox resembles it in growth, but the flower is pure white; quercifolia we think the handsomest flo...
-Larkspur. Delphinium
The annual Larkspurs are familiar to almost every one. Some of the species and varieties are among the most common ornaments of the garden. They are all very hardy, and flower stronger when self-sown ...
-Dianthus
Dianthus Chinensis. - Indian Pink. See Dianthus ...
-Didiscus
Didiscus caerulea. - Sky-blue Didiscus. - This is an elegant annual. The plant is very much branched, producing its fine blue flowers in numerous umbels, or hemispherical heads, of the size and shape ...
-Dolichos
Dolichos labbab. - Purple Hyacinth Bean. - A fine, tender annual climber, growing from eight to fifteen feet in a season. Treatment very much like the common bean. Flowers in clustered spikes. There i...
-Eutoca
Eutoca viscida. - p Clammy Eutoca. - The whole herbage is of a dull green, copiously clothed with glandular viscid hairs. The glands of a soot-black; stem about one foot high. When in blossom; few pla...
-Euphorbia
Euphorbia variegata. - Variegated Euphorbia. - A most elegant species; a native of Missouri and Arkansas Territory; an annual much cultivated now in gardens, and highly esteemed; flowering late in aut...
-Erysimum
Erysimum peroffskianum. - Palestine Mustard. - This is a hardy annual, having some resemblance to the Wall-flower. The plant is erect; one foot to one and a half high; bearing racemes or spikes of dee...
-Gaillardia. Painted Gaillardia
Gaillardia picta. - Painted Gaillardia. - A very handsome plant, naturally a perennial, but produces its flowers the first year from seed, if started early. It does not stand the winter without protec...
-Gilia
Gilia tricolor. - Three-colored Gilia. - This pretty annual, originally from California, has found its way into most of our gardens. This is one among the prettiest hardy annuals, not only of rece...
-Gomphrena. Globe Amaranth
Amaranths such as crown the maids That wander through Zamara's shades. Gomphrena globosa, - Globe Amaranth, - of which there are three common varieties, the white and the purple and the striped, ...
-Godetia. Primrose
This genus of plants has been separated from AEnothera, to which it formerly belonged. They are generally very beautiful plants; hardy annuals, of easy cultivation in any good garden soil. Godetia ...
-Helianthus. Garden Sun-Flower
Great Helianthus climbs the upland lawn, And bows in homage to the rising dawn; Imbibes with eagle eye the golden ray, And watches as it moves the orb of day. Helianthus annuas. - Garden Sun-f...
-Hibiscus. African Hibiscus
Hibiscus vesicarius. - African Hibiscus. - This is a plant of extremely easy culture; should be planted early in the spring. The petals are large and showy, of a straw color, the centre a deep rich br...
-Helichrysum. Everlasting Flower
A family of plants much admired on account of the beauty of their flowers, when dried; which, if gathered when they first open, and carefully dried, retain their color and shape for many years. They a...
-Candy-Tuft. Iberis
Iberis, from the country called Iberia, now Spain. Most of the species grow in such countries. They are generally pretty plants, and some of them cultivated in gardens as hardy annuals, under the name...
-Impatiens. Balsam
Impatiens balsamina. - Touch-me-not. - The Double Balsam is one of the most prominent ornaments of the garden, in July and August. Old seed is considered by some to be the best, as more likely to prod...
-Ipomea
The greater part of this genus are handsome climbing plants. Ipomea quamoclit. - Cypress Vine. - There is no annual climbing plant that exceeds the Cypress Vine, in elegance of foliage, gracefulnes...
-Lathyrus. Sweet Pea
Peas of all kinds diffuse their odorous powers Where Nature pencils butterflies on flowers. Lathyrus odoratus is one of the most beautiful, and also one of the most fragrant, of the species, and ...
-Lasthenia
Lastkenia glabrata. - A yellow flower, from California, somewhat in the style of a small Sun-flower; not likely to become very popular. ...
-Lavatera
Lavateria, - in memory of two Lavaters, physicians of Zurich. The species resemble those of Malva, in general appearance and culture. L. trimestris. - Common Lavatera. - A popular hardy annual, of ...
-Leptosiphon
Leptosipkon androsaceus - Androsace-like Leptosiphon. - The name of the genus now before us is derived from the Greek words leptos, slender, and siphon, a tube. Its application is evident. This is ...
-Limnanthus
Limnanthus Douglassii. - Mr. Douglass' Limnanthes. - A native of California, from whence it was sent by Mr. Douglass. The plant is annual, quite hardy, decumbent, stems growing ten or twelve inches lo...
-Loasa
A curious genus, mostly annuals, remarkable for the beauty of their singular flowers, and as remarkable for the stinging appendages of the plants. Loasa acanthifolia and brionifolia. - These are el...
-Lophospermum
Lophospermum scandens. - Climbing Lophosper. - This beautiful climber is properly a green-house perennial, but is sometimes cultivated as an annual; the plants flowering the first year in the open gro...
-Lupinus. Lupin
There are a number of annual Lupins in much esteem for their velvet-like leaves and fine large flowers, all of vigorous growth and easy to cultivate. The seeds should be planted in April. The old vari...
-Madia
Madia elegans. - Elegant Madia. - A pretty annual, of recent introduction. The seeds should be planted in the border in May. If the plants can have a shady location, it will be much the best, as the b...
-Malope
Malope grandiflorum. - Grand Flowering Malope. - This very showy plant is of the Mallow tribe; grows two feet to two feet six inches high. The flowers are produced in great abundance, and, being of a ...
-Maurandia
Maurandia Barclayana is an elegant green-house, climbing perennial, but may be raised from seed, and brought forward in a frame, so as to flower profusely from August to October, or till severe frosts...
-Martynea. Unicorn Plant
Handsome tropical annuals, remarkable for the size of their flowers, compared with their leaves. Martynea proboscidea. - Common Martynea. - This plant is often cultivated in vegetable gardens for i...
-Mathiola. Gillyflower
This genus contains many beautiful species and varieties of plants, with fragrant, handsome flowers, which have been so much hybridized by florists, that it would puzzle a botanist to define the speci...
-Medicago
Medicago sativa is the Lucerne, a valuable agricultural plant. The following species are cultivated on account of their curious seed-vessels, and not for their flowers, which are inferior. M. scute...
-Mesembryanthemum. Ice Plant
With pellucid studs the Ice-flower gems His rimy foliage, and his candied stems. M. cordifolium. - Common Ice Plant. - This is a singular tender annual plant, with thick, fleshy leaves, that have...
-Mimosa
Mimosa sensitiva, - Sensitive Plant, - is a well-known annual, from Brazil. It succeeds in the border during the summer months, if the seed is sown, in March or April, in a hot-bed, and the plants for...
-Mimulus. Monkey Flower
The species are showy plants, of the easiest culture, in almost any soil or situation not over dry. They are perennials in the green-house, where they are easily propagated from cuttings. In the op...
-Mirabilis. Marvel Of Peru
Mirabilis is a Latin word, signifying something wonderful or admirable, and applied with some reason. M. jalapa, or common Four-o'clock of the gardens, is a very ornamental plant for borders. When ...
-Momordica
M. balsamina, or Balsam Apple, is cultivated as an object of curiosity, and for its fruit, which is considered excellent, by tose who are in the habit of using it, for curing wounds. It has fleshy,...
-Myosotis. Forget-Me-Not
Myosotis, - so named from Greek words signifying a rat's ear. Its oval, velvety leaves are like the ear of a rat or mouse. M. arvensis is a well known sentimental plant, bearing very delicate blu...
-Nemophil A
Nemophila insignis, - Opposite-leaved Insignis, - is an elegant hardy annual, producing brilliant blue flowers, on stems six or eight inches high. Self-sown seeds produce plants that flower in May,...
-Nigella. Love In A Mist
Nigella, from niger, black, because of the color of the seeds, which are the parts of the plant used in cookery. The species are curious or neat little plants, with fine-cut leaves, like fennel. N. da...
-Nolana
Nolana is a diminution of nola, signifying a bell in low Latin. The name has been applied to this plant on account of its bell-shaped corolla. The species are hardy annuals, of beautiful appearance wh...
-Ocymun. Basil
Ocymun basilicum. - Sweet Basil. - This highly odoriferous plant is frequently known in country gardens, under the name of Lavender. The true Lavender is a half-hardy shrub. Sweet Basil is used in Fre...
-Evening Primrose. Oenothera
A tuft of Evening Primroses, O'er which the wind may hover till it dozes; O'er which it well might take a pleasant sleep, But it is ever startled by the leap Of buds into ripe flowers. A famil...
-Papaver. Poppy
And the poppies red, On their wistful bed, Turn up their dark blue eyes to thee. Papaver rkaeas. - Corn Poppy, or African Rose. - The specific name is from Greek, signifying to flow or fall, in a...
-Petunia
Petunia Phoenicia. - An ever-blooming hardy annual, now well known, but not many years an inhabitant of our flower-gardens. Flowers purple; from June to November. P. nictagynaflora has large white ...
-Phlox. Phlox Drummondii
The only annual Phlox with which we are acquainted is Phlox Drummondii, and this, in all its varieties, is worthy of a place in every garden. It is perfectly hardy. When planted in masses, no plant is...
-Phaseolus
Phaseolus multiflorus. - Scarlet-flowering Bean. - This is a popular climbing annual, with spikes of showy scarlet flowers, and a variety with white flowers. They are extensively cultivated to cover a...
-Platystemon
Platystemon Californicus. - It is a hardy annual, of considerable beauty, growing in any light, loamy soil, and readily increased by seeds, which it perfects freely in the open border. It is one of...
-Portulacca
Every person who has had any experience in the garden is too well acquainted with the weed Purslane, or Pursly, and would gladly see an extermination, not only of that plant, but all its kindred. It i...
-Reseda. Mignonette
No gorgeous flowers the meek Reseda grace, Yet sip with eager trunk yon busy race Her simple cup, nor heed the dazzling gem That beams in Fritillaria's diadem. Reseda odorata. - Common Mignonette...
-Rhodanthe
Rhodanthe Manglesii. - A most delightful plant, from the new English colony at Swan River; it is one of the tribe called everlasting, from its remaining perfect throughout the winter, if gathered when...
-Salpiglossis
Salpiglossis, from two Greek words, signifying a trumpet and a tongue, in allusion to the tubular, yet tongue-shaped, extremity of the style. The genus contains many varieties of ornamental plants,...
-Scabiosa. Scabious
The Scabious blooms in sad array, A mourner in her spring. Scabiosa atropurpurea. - Mourning Bride. - A hardy ornamental plant, suitable for the border; it may be sown any time in May, and will p...
-Schizanthus
Schizanthus, from Greek words to cut, and a flower, in allusion to the numerous divisions of its beautiful purple and yellow flowers. Tender annual plants, with finely cut pale-green leaves and termin...
-Schizopetalon
Schizopetalon Walkeri. - Walker's Schizopetalon. - This is a singular plant, about one foot high, with curious white flowers; the segments of the corolla are finely cut into many feathery divisions. T...
-Sphoenogyne
Sphoesnogyne speciosa. - This is a most beautiful flowering annual, growing about a foot high. The plant is of handsome foliage, and a most profuse bloomer. The flowers open fully when the sun shines ...
-Senecio
Senecio elegans. - Ragwort, or Double Groundsel. - There are four kinds of this plant, viz., double red, double crimson, double white and double flesh-colored. Each of these kinds will make a most han...
-Silene. Catch-Fly
This is a large family of plants, many of them mere weeds, whine others are handsome flowers, suitable for the garden. Silene armeria. - Lobel's Catch-fly. - A very hardy annual, with dense umbels ...
-Tagetes. Marigold
Tagetes patula. - French Marigold. - A well-known tender annual; one of the old-fashioned flowers; deservedly popular, from the brilliancy and variegation of its flowers. Some of the improved varie...
-Thunbergia
Thunbergia alata. - Winged-petioled Thunbergia. - Hand-some climbing green-house perennial, but succeeds well as an annual, from seed sown in the open ground the last of May, growing five or six feet ...
-Tropaeolum
Nasturtium - Indian Cress. Tropaeolum, from tropaeum, a trophy. - The leaf resembles a buckler, and the flower an empty helmet, of which trophies were formed. Tropaeoium peregrinum. - Canary Bir...
-Verbena
Loudon says, it is a genus of weedy plants, which was in fact the case before the introduction of Verbena ckamaedrifolia. with the exception of the Verbena aubletia, and Lamberiii. Verbena chamcedr...
-Viola
Viola tricolor has already been treated of as a biennial or perennial; it may also be considered as an annual, as it flowers finely the first year. - See page 157. ...
-Zebanthemum
Zeranthemum, from Greek words signifying dry and a flower, on account of the dry nature of the leaves of the calyx, which retain their color and form for many years. Zeranthemum annum, - Purple Eve...
-Zinnia
Handsome border annual plants, requiring the same cultivation as the Marigold. Zinnia elegans, with its varieties, are all handsome flowering plants; in bloom from July to October; two or three fee...
-Descriptive List Of Hardy Shrubs And Low Trees, Suitable For The Shrubbery. Aesculus. Horse Chestnut
The common Horse Chestnut is a well known ornamental tree, of rapid growth; beautiful when in blossom, it being covered with spikes of delicate white or pink flowers, which are produced from its elega...
-Acuba
Acuba japonica. - Gold-Dust Tree. - This is an evergreen shrub, having large, handsome foliage, with golden spots or blotches. In this climate it is somewhat tender, particularly when young. ...
-Amorpha. Indigo Shrub
Amorpha, from Greek words denoting the deformity of the corolla. Amorpha futicosa. - Bastard Indigo. - This shrub is a native of South Carolina, and once used in that State as an indigo plant, but ...
-Amelanchier. Shad Bush
This is a genus of ornamental shrubs, or small trees, of which one or two species are conspicuous ornaments of our woods and swamps in May. Mr. Emerson, in his Trees of Massachusetts, says, that Th...
-Amygdalus
Amygdalus, - the Greek name for the Almond. The species are fruit-trees, or ornamental trees and shrubs, much esteemed for the gay color and early appearance of their flowers. A. Persica plena, - D...
-Ampelopsis. Virginian Creeper
Ampelopsis quinquefolia. - American Woodbine. - This is the most ornamental plant of its genus. It recommends itself by its hardiness, the rapidity of its growth, and the luxuriance and beauty of its...
-Andromeda
Andromeda. - Named in allusion to the virgin, Andromeda, who, like this plant, was confined in a marsh, and surrounded by the monsters of the water. The species are neat plants, and some of them co...
-Aristolochia. Birth-Wort
Aristolochia sipho. - Pipe Vine. - A singular climbing plant, with handsome, broad foliage, with brownish purple, and very curious, somewhat pipe-shaped flowers. It grows fifteen or twenty feet high; ...
-Azalea
This is a genus of highly ornamental shrubs, of which many species are indigenous, The only species common in the vicinity of Boston is A. vis-cosa, which may be found in abundance among the brush-...
-Berberis. Barberry
Many of the species are cultivated in the gardens of Europe on account of the beauty of their fruit, flowers, or foliage. Some few species are known among us, but none prettien than our common Barb...
-Bignonia. Trumpet Flower
The species are trees or shrubs, inhabitants of hot climates. The flowers are produced in panicles, and are large, handsome, and of various colors. The hardy species will grow in almost any good soil,...
-Buxus. Box
Buxus sempervirens. - Garden Box. - This is a delicate shrub, which may be pruned to any shape to please the fancy. It is an evergreen, and easily propagated by cuttings. It is in general use, and the...
-Catalpa
Catalpa syringifolia. - This is a North American shrub, or tree, from the south-west and south. It has large, handsome, white, variegated flowers, in clusters, in July, that are succeeded by long seed...
-Calycanthus
All this genus are natives of North America. They are very easy of culture, growing freely in peat or loam, or both, mixed. The flowers are dark-brown color, and very fragrant, resembling the odor of ...
-Caprifolium. Honeysuckle
A beautiful genus, of well-known climbing shrubs, growing from fifteen to twenty feet high, some of them producing their flowers in succession through all the summer and autumnal months. They are all ...
-Ceanothus
Ceanothus Americanus. - New Jersey Tea. - A delicate, flowering, native shrub; a low and bulby plant, flowering in June and July, from one to three feet high, found growing on the margin of woods, in ...
-Celastrus
Celastrus scandens. - Wax-work. Climbing Staff. - A strong, woody vine, twining around small trees, and over rocks and bushes, growing in moist situations and beside stone walls; very ornamental when ...
-Clematis
Many of the Clematis are shrubby plants, but have all been noticed among the herbaceous tribe. ...
-Cerasus. Cherry
The scientific name is derived from a town on the Black Sea, from whence this tree was supposed to be introduced. A few species, with numerous varieties, produce valuable fruits, while nearly all are ...
-Cercis
Cercis canadensis. - Judas Tree - Red Bud. - This is a curious shrub, or low tree, indigenous to the southern part of the United States; often seen in large collections of plants, in gardens in New En...
-Chionanthus
Chionanthus Virginica, or Fringe Tree. - This is a fine deciduous shrub, or small tree, sometimes growing twenty feet or more high, but flowering when six or eight feet high. It has large leaves, six ...
-Clethra
This genus is composed mostly of American plants, and succeeds well when transplanted to the shrubbery. Clethra alnifolia. - Alder-leaved Clethra. - A shrub, from two to eight feet high, showing a ...
-Colutea. Bladder Senna
Colutea, an ancient name of a bush with sweet-scented flowers. The genus includes a number of species of shrubs, with yellow or orange, pea-shaped flowers, which are succeeded by seed-vessels like bla...
-Cornus. Cornel. Dogwood
Cornus, from cornu, a horn; the wood being thought to be as hard and durable as horn. The larger species of this genua are very ornamental and hardy shrubs, mostly North American plants, and are prize...
-Crataegus. The Thorn
In relation to this genus Mr. Emerson remarks: - It is found that a greater variety of beautiful small trees and orna-mental shrubs can be formed of the several species of Thorn, than of any kind of ...
-Cydonia. Japan Quince
Cydonia Japonica, formerly Pyrus Japonica, is indigenous to Japan, and embraces two varieties, the scarlet and variegated flowering. When in bloom, there is no plant that equals it in splendor. The Cy...
-Cytisus. Laburnum
A genus of ornamental trees and shrubs, of which the Laburnums are generally well known as highly ornamental. Cytisus laburnum. - Golden Chain. - A tall and elegant shrub, or low tree, which, when ...
-Daphne. Pink Mazereon
Daphne mazereon is a handsome shrub; the flowers come out before the leaves, early in the spring; they grow in clusters, all round the shoots of the former year, Though leafless, well attired, and...
-Deutzia
The genus was named by Thunberg, in compliment to John Deutz, one of the senators of Amsterdam, a patron of botany, and one of the promoters of the voyage of the former to Japan. The genus is nearl...
-Diervilla
Diervilla trifida. - Three-flowered Bush Honeysuckle. - This is a pretty native shrub, from two to four feet high, with handsome opposite leaves, from the axils of which spring three yellow, honeysuck...
-Dirca
Dirca palustris. - Leather Wood. - This is a much branched shrub, from three to six feet high, found in wet, marshy, and shady places. It is conspicuous, when in flower in April, for the number of yel...
-Elaeagnus, Oleaster
Elceagnus, from the Greek, an olive; the tree having a striking resemblance to the olive tree. Shrubs, or small trees, ten or fifteen feet high. E. angustifolia, and E. argentea, are shrubs or low ...
-Epigaea. Ground Laurel
The generic name is from Greek words, signifying upon the earth. The woody, hairy stems grow flat upon the ground, and throw out roots all the length of its branches. Epigaea repens. - May Flower. ...
-Euonymus. Spindle Tree. Strawberry Tree
Euonymus Americanus. - Burning Bush. - An elegant shrub, growing eight or ten feet high, producing rather inconspicuous purple flowers in clusters, which are succeeded by brilliant scarlet fruit, that...
-Fagus. Beech
The Beech is a fine tree, suitable for ornamental pleasure-grounds, but too large for the shrubbery. The Purple Beech is a European variety, propagated by grafting upon the common species. It is a ...
-Fraxinus. Ash
The Ash is a well-known valuable timber tree, and suitable for avenues, but not for the shrubbery, unless on a large scale. The Weeping Ash, or F. pendula, is a variety of F. excelsior, first disco...
-Halesia. Snow-Drop Tree
Halesia tetraptera. - Four-winged Halesia. - A native of Carolina, where it is found growing on the banks of rivers. It is an ornamental shrub, five or six feet high, valuable for its early flowering ...
-Hedera. English Ivy
Hedera helix. - Common Ivy. - The ancients held Ivy in great esteem, and Bacchus is represented as crowned with it to prevent intoxication. It is a highly esteemed ornamental evergreen climber, and mu...
-Hibiscus. Althaeafrutex
Hibiscus Syriacus. - The Althea is a well-known ornamental shrub, of easy cultivation; but a little tender in some situations, particularly the double white variety. They grow freely from cuttings, fr...
-Ilex. The Holly,
Ilex, a name of unknown origin. In England, innumerable varieties have been raised from Ilex aquifolium, a low tree, or shrub, which vary in the margin and size, or in the variegation of the leaves. B...
-Kalmia
A small genus of handsome evergreen indigenous shrubs. Kalmia, in honor of Peter Kalm, a pupil of Linnaeus. Kalmia latifolia. - Mountain Laurel, Spoon Wood, etc. - Among the shrubs that embellish t...
-Kerria
Kerria Japonica, formerly Corchorus Japonica. - Japan Globe-flower. - This is an elegant shrub, growing three or four feet high, producing a profusion of double yellow globular flowers, from June to S...
-Laurus. Fever Bush. Spice Bush
Laurus benzoin, or Fever Bush - or Benzoin odoriferum, Spice Bush. - The Spice Bush is a shrub, from four to ten feet high, remarkable for its graceful form, and large, hand-some leaves, particularly...
-Lavendula. Lavender
Lavendula, - so named for its use in fomentations and baths. Lavendula spicata. - Spike-flowered Lavender. - This is a most desirable dwarf shrub, with delicate glaucous foliage, with spikes of blu...
-Ligustrum. Privet
Ligustrum mdgare. - The Common Privet, or Prim. - The Privet shrub is a native of Europe, and introduced from thence to this country, and now has become domesticated in many parts of New England. In E...
-Lonicera. Tartarean Honeysuckle
All the species of this genus are upright, ornamental shrubs, suitable for the shrubbery, of easy culture. Lonicera Tartarica. - Tartarean Honeysuckle. - This species grows to the height of eight o...
-Lycium
Lycium, - so called because the original species was a native of Lycia. Lycium barbarum. - Willow-leaved Lycium. - This is an ornamental climbing shrub, valuable for covering arbors, naked walls, e...
-Magnolia
This genus, named for Magnol,. a distinguished botanist in France, contains trees, except M. glauca, which, in the North-ern States, is only a shrub; all of them beautiful, and some of them the fine...
-Mahonia
Mahonia aquifolium. - Ilex-leaved Mahonia. - This is an elegant evergreen shrub, three or four feet high, with clusters of yellow flowers, in May or June, succeeded by bunches of blue berries. The lea...
-Paulownia. Paulownia Imperialis
Paulownia imperialis. - This is a magnificent tree, of recent introduction. To all appearances it will not grow to a very large size in our climate. As it is perfectly hardy it will be a rich addition...
-Peony
Pceonia moutan, and its varieties, are magnificent plants for the front rank in the shrubbery; - for description of them, and modes of culture, see Paeonia, under the head of Bulbous and Tuberous Root...
-Philadelphus. Syringa
From Ptolemy Philadelphus, King of Egypt. It is also called Mock Orange. 22 The Syringa is a most delicious shrub: the foliage is luxuriant, the blossom beautiful and abundant, white as the purest ...
-Prunus. Plum
The genus are natives of North America, Europe, and Asia. Many of them are thorny plants in the wild state. They have showy flowers, in clusters. Some of the species are esteemed ornamental. Primus...
-Pyrus
The Apple, the Pear, the Service, the Beam tree, and the Mountain Ash, besides several less important plants, belong to this genus. Pyrus coronaria. - Sweet-scented Crab. - This beautiful Crab tree...
-Rhamnus. The Buckthorn
Rhamnus, - from the Celtic ram, signifying branching. A genus of shrubby plants, of no great interest, except for their medicinal qualities, or for the uses of their berries for dyes or paints, or the...
-Rhododendron. American Rose Bay
Rhododendron maximum. - The generic name is derived from the Greek, rhodon, a rose, and dendron, a tree, because the flowers resemble, in color, bunches of roses. In the Northern States, it is a strag...
-Propagation Of Rhododendron By Layers
When the plants are in full growth, merely peg down the young shoots, without any incision, and cover them with about two inches of soil, and by the following spring they will be ready to separate. ...
-Rhodora. False Honeysuckle
On the margin of swamps and in wet meadows may be found the Rhodora canadensis, a beautiful shrub, frequently in large masses, of many yards in circumference, and when in bloom, in May, presents a mag...
-Rhus. Sumach
Rhus, - derived from the same root as Rosa, rhudd, in Celtic, signifying red, on account of the color of the fruit. Some of the species are valuable in the arts, for tanning, dyeing, varnish, etc. ...
-Ribes. Currant
The Currant family is familiar to all, on account of the grateful and healthy fruit which some of the species produce. Some of the tribe are highly ornamental, and desirable in the shrubbery. Ribes...
-Robinia. Locust
Robinia, in memory of Jean Robin, herbarist to Henry IV., of France. A North American genus of a few species of trees or shrubs, bearing a profusion of handsome, pea-shaped flowers, in long, penden...
-Rosa. The Rose
This well-known and highly esteemed family of plants, or shrubs, embrace many distinct species, which, by the skill of the florist, have multiplied into thousands of varieties. They vary in height fro...
-Cowley
The Rose, as well as the Myrtle, is considered as sacred to the Goddess of beauty. Berkley, in his Utopia, describes lovers as declaring their passion by presenting to the fair-beloved a rose. 269 ...
-Cowley. Part 2
Veiled in a cloud of fragrance where she stood, Half spied, so thick the Roses blushing round About her glowed; 6ft stooping to support Each flower of tender stalk, whose head, though gay Carnation, p...
-Cowley. Part 3
When Roses are to be planted out singly, as many of the climbing sorts are, the soil should be dug out two and a half feet deep; the bottom may be filled, to the depth of six inches, with small stones...
-Garden Classification Of Roses
On the subject of Classification of Roses, there have been much difficulty and confusion among amateurs; and even Rivers himself, one of the most correct of Rose amateurs in England or France, remarks...
-Roses That Bloom During The Whole Season
Remontant Roses. - The term Remontant, says Mr. Par-sons, signifying, literally, to grow again, we have chosen to designate this class of Roses, there being no word in our language equally expressi...
-Roses That Bloom Only Once In The Season
For want of a better, we use this term to designate all those Roses that bloom only once in the season, and that strongly resemble each other in habit and flower. It includes those classes called, by...
-Roses That Bloom Only Once In The Season. Continued
Amadis is one of the handsomest of the Boursalt Roses, producing its large purplish-crimson flowers in pendulous clusters. For distant effect, the Common Purple Boursalt is not without its merits. ...
-On The Odors Of Roses And The Modes Of Obtaining Them
Crop the gay Rose's vermeil bloom, And waft its spoils, a sweet perfume, In ineense to the skies. - Ogilvie. Of their sweet deaths are sweetest odors made. Shakspeare. This Queen of the...
-Rubus. Bramble
This genus embraces a class of rambling rough plants, well known and highly prized for their grateful, delicious, and wholesome fruits; the Raspberries, Blackberries, and Thimble-berries, with their v...
-Sambucus. Common Elder. Panicled Elder
Sambucus canadensis. - Common Elder. - This very common shrub grows about eight or ten feet high in low ground, and conspicuous in June and July for its broad cymes of white flowers, succeeded by clus...
-Shepardia. Buffalo Tree
Shepardia, named by Nuttall, in compliment to Mr. Thomas Shepard, of the Botanic Garden, Liverpool. Shepardia elegnoides. - Buffalo Tree. - This graceful shrub, or low tree, is found in the .neighb...
-Spartium. Broom
Spartium, from Greek, signifying cordage; the earliest ropes were made of this and similar plants. The species are shrubs, thick-set with verdant, flexible, rush-like twigs, which are very ornamental ...
-Spiraea. Spireon
Spiraea, in Greek, signifies a cord. Spireon is Pliny's name for a plant, the blossoms of which are used in garlands. The genus affords many ornamental shrubs, ail very hardy, and easy to cultivate. ...
-Symphoria. Snowberry
Symphoria is from a combination of Greek words, signifying 'a plant which bears its fruit together in clusters. Symphoria racemosa. - Common Snowberry. - This is a delicate, hardy, North American ...
-Syringa. Lilac
Various in array, now white, Now sanguine, and her beauteous head now set With purple spikes pyramidal. Syringa, - some say from Greek, an Arcadian nymph, or, more properly, here, a pipe. The tub...
-Tecoma
This genus has been separated from Bignonia, and now includes T. radicans and T. grandiflora. Tecoma radicans has been described under the head of Big-nonia. Tecoma grandiflora has flowered with...
-Viburnum
Viburnum opulus. - Snowball Garden Rose. - This elegant shrub is a common ornament of the garden, producing large white bunches of flowers like those of the Hydrangea; grouped with the Laburnum, purpl...
-Weigela. The Rose-colored Weigela
Weigela rosea. - The Rose-colored Weigela. - This is another new shrub, introduced by Mr. Fortune into England from China, first noticed here by Downing. When I first discovered this beautiful pla...
-Wistaria. The Chinese Wistaria
Wistaria. - This genus was formerly included in that of Glycine, but has been separated from it, and named by Nuttall in honor of Dr. Caspar Wistar. Wistaria Sinensis. - The Chinese Wistaria. - Thi...
-Descriptive List Of Evergreen Trees, Suitable For The Shrubbery, Lawn, Or Protective Belt For Buildings, Gardens, Orchards, Etc
The value and importance of protection afforded to buildings, gardens, and orchards, by a belt of evergreen trees, in a climate like New England, are but little appreciated or understood even by our m...
-Pinus. The Pine Family
In this genus, Pinus, are the White, Pitch, and Norway Pines, familiar to all. Pinus sylvestris, - or Scotch Pine, - is found in the British Islands. There is a specimen of this tree at the Botanic...
-Abies. The Spruce
According to Emerson, Three species are found in Massachusetts : 1st. The Hemlock has small, pointed, pendulous, terminal cones, and thin, flat leaves. 2d. The Black Spruce has dependent, egg-sh...
-Abies Nigra. The Black Spruce
The Black and the White Spruce are commonly called the Double and Single Spruce. The Double is distinguished from the Single Spruce, by the darker color of the foliage, whence its name of Black Spruc...
-Picea. The Fir
The Fir tribe are suitable for ornamenting the shrubbery or lawn, when planted in groups, but not proper for single specimens. They are remarkable for the regularity and symmetry of their pyramidal h...
-Larix. The Hacmatack. Larch
The Larch is not an evergreen, but, as it comes under the same natural division, and is found growing in company with them, we shall notice it here. For ornamental purposes the American Larch (Larix A...
-The Cypress Tribe
The plants which belong to this section have not their fruit in a true cone, but in a globular or irregular head, consisting of a number of scales, sometimes united into a sort of berry. The section ...
-Arbor Vitae. Cedar. Thuya
The name of the genus is derived from a Greek word, signifying to sacrifice; it having been used, from the agreeable odor of the wood, in sacrificial offerings. Thuya occidentalis. - The American...
-Cupressus. Cedar. Cypress
The Cypresses, to which this genus belongs, are low, evergreen trees, natives of Europe, Asia, and North America, and remarkable for their spiry form, and the closeness of grain, and the durability o...
-Juniperus. The Juniper
The Junipers are evergreen trees or shrubs, found in all quarters of the globe. Juniperus Virginiana. - The Red Cedar. - Savin. - This is a very common evergreen tree, of low growth, found in gre...
-A Description Of Some Of The Insects That Are Injurious To The Plants Of The Flower-Garden
To give a description of all the insects that infest the plants of the flower-garden, it would be necessary to write a volume, so numerous are the voracious tribe that prey upon the roots, stems, foli...
-Insects That Are Injurious To The Plants Of The Flower-Garden. Part 2
During several years past these pernicious vermin have infested the rose-bushes in the vicinity of Boston, and have proved so injurious to them as to have excited the attention of the Massachusetts H...
-Insects That Are Injurious To The Flower-Garden. Part 3
The disease Mildew, on the Gooseberry, Peach, Grape Vine, etc.-, etc., is checked and entirely destroyed by a weak dressing of the solution. The above insects are generally all destroyed by one a...
-Appendix. To First Edition. On The Cultivation Of Plants In The Parlor
Descending snow, the golden leaf and sear, Are indications of old Time's career; The careful florist tends his sheltered plants, Studies their natures, and supplies their wants. A few plants i...
-Compost For Plants
The most important requisite, for the successful cultivation of plants, is to have a stock of suitable compost for various plants, to pot them in, when that operation is performed. A plant in unsuitab...
-Potting Plants
By the middle of August, or the first of September, the plants will require to be repotted; this must be done with care and judgment. The plants must be turned out of the pots; the balls of earth abou...
-Insects
There is a variety of insects which infest parlor plants, and, unless looked after rather closely, will destroy their beauty. The green fly is a great pest to parlor and green-house plants; but they a...
-Plants Suitable For Parlor Culture
The parlor can be made very gay, during the month of November and part of December, by a choice collection of Chrysanthemums. If they are kept out of the mid-day sun their beauty will be greatly prolo...
-Descriptive List Of Perennial And Annual Flowers, With Directions For Their Cultivation
Not a tree, A plant, a leaf, a blossom, but contains A folio volume. We may read, and read, And read again, and still find something new, Something to please, and something to instruct. * In addi...
-Abronia. Abronia Umbellata
Abronia umbellata. - A beautiful and newly introduced annual, with long trailing stems, bearing clusters of elegant flowers in dense umbels; color, delicate lilac, with white centre, highly and delici...
-Aster
Aster Chinensis. - China Aster. - This old garden flower has been very much improved within a few years. There are florists in Europe, whose only business consists in improving and classifying Asters ...
-Arctotis
Arctotis breviscapa. - New Annual. - The genus A rctotis consists of plants mostly from the Cape of Good Hope. It was named by Vaillant, Arctotheca, from Greek words, signifying bear and capsule, beca...
-Balsams
Impatiens balsamina. - There has been a great improvement made in the Balsam family. They are now divided into early, late, dwarf, tall, and Camellia-flowering. This last section contains about one do...
-Calliopsis
Calliopsis. - Elegant Coreopsis. - Of this showy and very common flower, a number of distinct and beautiful varieties have been produced. C. marmorata has elegantly shaded, striped or mottled flowe...
-Cheiranthus
Cheiranthus cheiri. - Wall Flower. - This ornamental plant has been greatly improved in the multiplication of its varieties, in its varied colors, and enlargement of its flowers, - single, semi-doubl...
-Cuphea
Cuphea platycentra. - A fine dwarf plant for bedding out, with scarlet and purple tubular flowers, which are produced in great profusion through the whole season. It is raised from cuttings, the same ...
-Chrysanthemum Indica
Chrysanthemum indica. - Ample directions have been given, at page 101, for the cultivation of this beautiful class of flowers. When these directions were given, the new race of Pompone Chrysanthemums ...
-Delphinium
Delphinium Breckii, or Breck's Seedling Delphinium, a perennial Larkspur, No. 1, is, without doubt, one of the finest and-most desirable of the hardy herbaceous plants. It has the good property of a c...
-Dielytra
Dielytra spectabilis. - Showy Dielytra. - This is the finest herbaceous perennial in cultivation. A native of China; a plant of neat dwarf habit when grown in pots, and about two feet high when grown ...
-Gomphrena
GomphreTia, or Globe Amaranth. - A new species of this desirable amaranth has been discovered in Mexico, which makes quite an important addition to this class of immortals, so universally cultivated...
-Gaura
Gaura Lendheimer. - This plant, which is from South America, is one of the finest that we have received for many years. The flowers are formed by a calyx, in four divisions, colored with red, petals o...
-Helichrysum
Helichrysum. - Some splendid varieties or species of this beautiful immortal have appeared from Germany, viz. : H. bracteatum nanum, yellow and white, dwarf varieties. H. compositum monstrosum nanu...
-Hollyhock
Hollyhock. - This old-fashioned flower has received much attention from florists of late, and new and beautiful varieties are continually produced. As this plant generally perishes, after flowering...
-Lobelia
Lobelia cardinalis var. rosea. - This beautiful variety of the Cardinal flower was found in the neighborhood of Tewksbury, in this state. The flowers differ from the Cardinalis only in color; instead ...
-Mathiola Or Stock
Mathiola incana, annua, etc. - Stock Gillyflower. - This old-fashioned standard garden-flower has been very much improved in all the sections of its interesting family. M. incana is found in two di...
-Mirabilis
Mirabilis Jalapa. - Four 0'clocks. - Belle de nuit. - Every one, almost, is acquainted with the white, purple, yellow and redstriped varieties of the Four O'clocks. The long-flowered (Mira-hills longi...
-Perilla Nankinensis
Perilla Nankinensis. - Labiate family. - An annual herbaceous plant, growing from two and a half to three feet high, branching stems well covered with an ample foliage of a dark purple, almost black. ...
-Phlox Tribe
There are none of the Perennial herbaceous ornamental plants of the flower garden which have passed through so many improvements as the Phlox family. The various species are so confounded by the hybri...
-Rudbeckia Amplexicaulis
An herbaceous annual plant from South America, grows from three to three and a half feet high; straight, branching stems; lanceolated radical leaves, sinewy and petiolated; the caulines narrow, embrac...
-Yuca Filamentosa
The following interesting account of this plant is from the life of Mrs. Margaret Fuller Ossoli: I had kept two plants of the Yuca filamentosa six or seven years, though they had never bloomed. I ...
-Whitlavia Grandiflora
An elegant new annual, from California, with blue, bell-shaped flowers. It produces its flowers in continued succession, from June to October. In habit the plant resembles the Eutoca tribe, but the fl...
-Zauschneria Californica
An elegant herbaceous perennial plant, from California, where it is found in very sandy soils. The plant grows in bunches; the flowers, a brilliant scarlet, tubular or trumpet-shaped, terminating in f...
-Plants Suitable For Bedding-Out Or To Be Grown In Masses
Put on your brightest, richest dress, Wear all your gems, blest vale of ours ! Strew the glad and smiling ground With every flower. The taste for growing flowers, in beds or vases, has great...
-Abronia
Abronia umbellata has already been spoken of as a plant suited for this purpose. ...
-Ageratum. Ageratum Mexicanum
Ageratum Mexicanum. - Its pale blue and white varieties are annuals, easily raised from seed, and used for bedding-out. The best plants, however, are those raised from cuttings, as they are more compa...
-Antirrhinum
Antirrhinums, or Snap Dragons, as they are commonly called, are among the most showy of bedding-out plants. This flower sports into innumerable varieties, the colors of which, in some of them, are ver...
-Calceolaria
Calceolaria, variety Nobey, rich yellow, and Sultan, rich crimson, are splendid flowering plants, and continue in bloom all the season in the open ground. They also succeed finely in pots. They are...
-Fuchsias
Fuchsias succeed admirably when planted in the flower-garden. The following directions will give the young cultivator some hints relative to their propagation and culture : Fuchsias are readily pr...
-Gaillardia
Gaillardia picta. - This is a very ornamental bedding plant. It is perennial, but not hardy enough to stand the winter; and as its seeds are mostly abortive, propagation from cuttings must be resorted...
-Geranium. Scarlet Geranium
Geranium, Scarlet. - Nothing can exceed the beauty and brilliance of a collection of Dwarf Scarlet Geraniums, either in beds or in pots; they enliven the garden or balcony all summer. If removed into ...
-Lantana
Lantana. - One of the ancient names of the Laburnum, which this resembles a little in foliage. The species are all green-house plants, but flower finely in the garden. They are rapid growers, and free...
-Petunias
Petunias. - No class of summer flowers better repay the small care they require, than Petunias; they are a mass of gay bloom from June to November, and, when planted in patches, or in beds, or even in...
-Pyrethrum
Pyrethrum parthenium, or Double Feverfew. - The abundance of fine double pure white daisy-like flowers, which this plant produces through the whole season, will ever make it a favorite for ornamenting...
-Salvia
Salvia patens, splendens, fulgens, coccinnea, Lambourniana, and other varieties of the Salvia, or ornamental Sage, are beautiful plants for masses, or beds, when properly managed. Salvia patens. - ...
-Senecio. Double-Jacobea
Senecio elegans plena, or Double-Jacobea. - There are a number of superior varieties of this flower, which are suitable for bedding-out, viz., the double, crimson, purple, rose and white; and these ar...
-Verbenas
The habits of this interesting flower render it one of the most desirable, for ornamenting the lawn, of any of the bedding plants. The flowers are produced, from June to November, in great profusion, ...
-Veronica
Veronica Andersonii is a green-house bushy plant, and grows with great vigor in the garden when planted out. The blue flowers are arranged in spikes, which are produced all the season. The foliage is ...
-Ornamental And Shade Trees, Suitable For Parks, Roadsides, Lawns, And Large Plantations; And Small Trees And Shru3s, For The Garden Or Shrubbery
The original design of this work was for the flower-garden alone; but, as many shrubs and trees are connected with the flower-garden, and as there is an increasing taste for ornamental and shade trees...
-Ailanthus
A. glandidosa. - Chinese Ailanthus, or Tree of Heaven. - This tree has large, elegant foliage, resembling the leaves of the Stag-horn Sumach, but on a much larger scale. There is one great objection t...
-Aesculus
Horse Chestnut. - This tree, when planted in a rich soil, grows to a largo size, and is beautiful in shape, foliage and flower; and, as it is not subject to destructive insects, is valuable for shade ...
-Acer
Acer, or the Maple Family. - More than forty species of Maple are known, of which ten belong to the United States, and nearly all are desirable ornamental shade trees. The common species of New Englan...
-Betula
Birch. - There are five species of the Birch found in Massa-chusetts, viz., the Black, Yellow, Bed, Canoe, and Gray or White Birch, - all desirable trees in large plantations; there is also a shrubby ...
-Berberis
B. vulgaris. - The variety of common Berberry, with purple foliage, is desirable in large collections. ...
-Castanea
The American Chestnut (C. vesca) is rarely seen in our public squares; but for what reason a tree so grand and imposing should be neglected, I have never been able to learn, unless it is the one given...
-Coronilla
The Coronilla emerus, or Scorpion Senna, is a small shrub, with deep yellow flowers, blooming in June and July. ...
-Corylus
Hazel Nut. - Of this common shrub, a number of ornamental species or varieties have been introduced; one with purple foliage, and another fine variety, with leaves gashed, or deeply cut. ...
-Cydonia
C. Japonica var. plena. - The double-flowering Japan Quince has been introduced, but is not common. It is said to be very beautiful. ...
-Deutzia. The Slender Deutzia
Deutzia scabra has become by time, or ought to be at any rate, quite common, as it is one of the finest among the hardy ornamental shrubs. Deutzia gracilis. - The Slender Deutzia is a beautiful new...
-Euonymus
A variety of the American Euonymus, with purple foliage, has been introduced, desirable for shrubbery. ...
-Fraxinus
Ash. - All the ash trees are desirable in large plantations, for parks, squares, or streets. The common Weeping Ash, for single standard, is highly ornamental. The Golden Bark Ash and the Weeping Gold...
-Gleditschia
G. Triacanthos. - Honey Locust tree or Three-thorned Acacia, is a tree of symmetrical shape, with beautiful foliage, decorated in autumn with broad pods, twelve or fifteen inches in length, of a brown...
-Hypericum
St. John's Wort. - This is a common weed in the dry pastures of New England, bearing a profusion of yellow flowers, tod well known to be described, and too much detested to be noticed. But there is a ...
-Indigofera
I. decora - Indigo Shrub. - A handsome shrub, bearing spikes of purple flowers, suitable for the shrubbery. ...
-Juglans
Walnuts. - All the species of Walnuts are handsome shade trees, viz. : J. alba, shell-bark hickory; J. glabra, Pig, or Hog nut; J. cinera, Butternut; J. nigra, Black Walnut, etc. ...
-Jasminum
The White Jasamine is an exceedingly elegant plant for training over a wall, where that support can be allowed; and, after its first infancy, will bear our winters, with some protection. It is a delic...
-Laurus
Sassafras. - On account of its medicinal virtues, and the beauty of its foliage, it may be considered one of the most interesting of the American forest trees. The bark of the young stem and branches ...
-Ligustrum
Privet. - The English Privet is much used for ornamental hedges, and is also desirable in a shrubbery, on account of the permanency of its elegant foliage. Mr. Emerson is of opinion that it is identic...
-Liriodendron
Tulipifera. - Tulip Tree. - This is one of the largest of our American trees, exceeded only by the Buttonwood in magnitude. The flowers resemble the tulip in shape; they are produced in June and July,...
-Liquidamber
L. siyraciflua. - Sweet Gum. - This tree attains the altitude of fifty or sixty feet in favorable situations. It is garnished with fine foliage, which changes to a dull red with the first autumnal fro...
-Paulownia
P. imperialis. - This magnificent tree was spoken of in the first edition as being perfectly hardy. It had proved so at that time (1851), having stood well for two winters, but it had not shown any in...
-Platanus
The American Plane Tree, or Buttonwood (A. occidentalis), was formerly considered one of the most important shade trees; but the mysterious disease, which has prevailed throughout the country for a nu...
-Populus
Poplar. - In ancient times, the public places of Rome were decorated with rows of this tree, whence it came to be called Arbor populi, as being a tree peculiarly appropriated to the people. But Bullet...
-Prinos
P. verticillatus. - Black Alder. - This indigenous shrub, so ornamental in low grounds and swamps in autumn, was unnoticed in the first edition; but it is worthy, not only of a notice, but also of a p...
-Quercus
Oak. - Mr. Emerson describes eleven species of Oak in his report on the trees and shrubs of Massachusetts; but these are a small part of the Oaks indigenous to the United States. The Oak family, t...
-Rosa
New varieties of Roses are continually produced by florists in Europe and America, and it is impossible to keep the run of all that are introduced. In many cases they are not improvements, and I shoul...
-Salisburia
S. adiantifolia. - Maiden hair-leaved Salisburia. - An ornamental tree, not common. The largest tree in New England is probably on Boston Common, which was transplanted, when quite a large tree, from ...
-Salix
Willow. - This is a very numerous family, but the Weeping Willow is the most common species for ornamental purposes. Some of the Osier Willows are desirable in the shrubbery, on account of the beauty ...
-Sambucus
Elder. - Of this common but ornamental indigenous shrub, there are species or varieties, that have been introduced, which will add much to the beauty of the shrubbery, viz., S. aurea, S. argentea, or ...
-Sophora
S. Japonica. - The Japan Sophora is a highly ornamental tree, of medium size, growing from thirty to forty feet high, producing white, pea-shaped flowers, in clusters similar to. the locust, in August...
-Spiraea. Reeves's Double-flowering Spiraea
Spiraea Reevesiana fl. plena. - Reeves's Double-flowering Spiraea. - The Spiraea family constitute an elegant ornamental class, and the single variety of Reevesii is one of the most elegant of the tri...
-Syringa
Lilac. - In addition to the varieties and species of Lilac noticed in the former edition, there are a number of others that are desirable in a large collection. The variety of the common Lilac with...
-Tamarix
T. gallica. - French Tamarix. - An elegant, deciduous, hardy shrub, which, for some reason, has not received much attention in New England. The foliage is very graceful, and has some resemblance to th...
-Tilia
T. Americana. - American Lime or Bass Wood. - This noble tree is suitable for parks, streets, or large plantations. It grows to the height of eighty feet. When in flower it is quite ornamental; the fl...
-Ulmus
The Elm. - The American Elm will always be a great favorite with all lovers of shade trees, for ornamenting streets and parks. There is no other tree that will compare with it in point of graceful mag...
-Virgilia
V. lutea. - Yellow Wood. - This ornamental tree is a native of the south-western states, but succeeds well in New England; yet but little cultivated or known. It grows to the height of thirty or fort...
-Weigela
W. amabalis. - This ornamental shrub has flowers similar to W. rosea; the only material difference is in the foliage, which is larger. I do not know of any shrub, of recent introduction, more desirabl...
-Wistaria
W. Sinensis alba. - This new variety, noticed in the former edition, has now been introduced into this country, and may be obtained at some of the nurseries. Its large racemes of pure white flowers wi...
-Evergreen Trees
The American Arbor Vitae and some other evergreen trees were more or less injured, and many killed, as it was generally supposed, by the severe winter of 1855. While the hard winter had much to do in ...
-Notices Of The Book Of Flowers
Favorable notices of the Book of Flowers have multiplied on my hands; but all I desire in its praise and commendation has been embodied in letters from eminent gentlemen which I have published, and wi...
-Catalogue Of Books On Agriculture And Horticulture
Published By .A. O. Moore & Co., (Late 0. M. Saxton & Co.,) Mo. 140 Fulton Street, New York. Suitable Fob School, Town, Agricultural, & Private Libraries. ------------------------------...
-Catalogue Of Books On Agriculture And Horticulture. Part 2
Bridgeman's (Thos.) Young Gardener's Assistant, - - 1 50 In Three Parts; Containing Catalogues of Garden and Flower Seed, with Practical Directions under each head for the Cultivation of Cunary ...
-Catalogue Of Books On Agriculture And Horticulture. Part 3
Downing's (A. J.) Rural Essays,....3 00 On Horticulture, Landscape Gardening, Rural Architecture, Trees, Agriculture, Fruit, with his Letters from England. Edited, with a Memoir of the Author, b...
-Catalogue Of Books On Agriculture And Horticulture. Part 4
LEUCHARS' HOW TO BULLD AND VENTILATE HOTHOUSES, - 1 25 A Practical Treatise on the Construction, Heating and Ventilation of Hothouses, including Conservatories, Greenhouses. Graperies and other kin...
-Catalogue Of Books On Agriculture And Horticulture. Part 5
QUINBY'S MYSTERIES OF BEE-KEEPING EXPLAINED, - - 1 00 Being A Complete Analysis of the Whole Subject, Consisting of the Natural History of Bees : Directions - for obtaining the Greatest Amount of Pure...
-Books Adapted To The Use Of American Farmers
Books published by A. O. Moore & Co. 11 Moore's Hand Books of Rural and Domestic Economy. All Arranged And Adapted To The Use Of American Farmers Pice 25 Cents Each. Hogs, Their Origin,...









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