This section is from the book "The Bird Book", by Chester A. Reed. Also available from Amazon: The Bird Book.
Range. - Northern Hemisphere, breeding in the far north, and migrating to the middle portions of the United States, chiefly on the coasts.
The Red Phalarope during the breeding season has the underparts wholly reddish brown; they are very rarely seen in the United States in this dress, however for it is early changed for a suit of plain gray and white. This species has a much stouter bill than the two following; it is about nine inches in length. All the Phalaropes are good swimmers, and this species, especially, is often found in large flocks off the coast, floating on the surface of the water; they feed largely upon small marine insects. Nests in hollows on the ground, lined with a few grasses. The eggs are three or four in number, generally of a greenish buff color, spotted and blotched with brown and blackish. Data. - Myvates, Iceland, June 19, 1897, Collector, C. Jefferys.
Red Phalarope. Northern Phalarope.