This section is from the book "Toy Dogs And Their Ancestors", by Neville Lytton. Also available from Amazon: Toy Dogs And Their Ancestors: Including The History And Management Of Toy Spaniels, Pekingese, Japanese, And Pomeranians.
The kennels of owners who use it much are sure to be infested with worms and mange. The dog, like the vulture, is by nature a scavenger which feeds on raw flesh and offal. When performing their natural offices in Eastern countries two more filthy creatures could not be found. Both are mangy to the last degree. Anyone who has seen dogs and vultures living on raw food, as I have, and observed the results in both, will never again recommend "the dog's natural food." I may say that the most healthy, well-kept Toy dogs regard it with obvious disgust. Certainly none of my own healthy dogs would ever touch it. In some cases where the appetite is depraved and where a puppy is in such a condition of weakliness that you are at your wits' end how to keep life in it, you may try it as you might try any other dangerous remedy, but I can only say that I have been far more successful without it, than when using it. It is never worth while, moreover, to rear puppies that are fundamentally unhealthy.
For indigestion, give ingluvin, five grains in each meal, and give the dog nothing but hot water to drink instead of cold.
For bad coughs and colds, make pills as follows: Each pill contains:
Extract of Hyosciamus................. 1.0 gr.
Podophyllin........................... a trace
Potash Nitrate ........................ 0.5 gr.
Potash Chlorate....................... 1.0 gr.
Powdered Rhubarb .................... 0.5 gr.
Extract of Colocynth .................. 0.5 gr.
One pill twice a day for a couple of days.
Puppies often have navel ruptures, and, unless very bad, these usually cure themselves. If unusually bad, they may be cured as follows: Cut off a slice at the end of a large cork. Warm some strips of Mead's adhesive plaster (this is a soft tape plaster), get the puppy on its back, and gently push the swelling into the aperture which you will feel under the skin. Place the slab of cork over the place and fix it there with the strips of plaster. If the protrusion of the intestine is thus prevented the sides of the opening will gradually grow up together and close it. The plaster must be occasionally changed, as it shows a tendency to come off.