The gates for the yard are also, like the coach-house doors, more conveniently arranged to slide. They should be at the least 10 feet in width, and may even be more where dignity of appearance is sought. A side door should also be provided.
The manure should, if possible, be stored at a distance from the stable-yard, and removed by a small covered cart, or barrow, as collected daily or more often from the stalls. The manure-pit should always have a solid concrete bottom, and be roofed over, and every precaution should be taken to prevent liquids from penetrating the soil, for they often travel underground for a great distance, and may pollute wells supposed to be quite beyond their influence. The London by-laws relating to the construction and maintenance of receptacles for dung may be thus summarized: - 1. The capacity must not be greater than 2 cubic yards. 2. The bottom or floor must not be lower than the surface of the adjacent yard. 3. The contents must not be allowed to escape, and there must not be any soakage from the receptacle into the ground, or into the wall of the building. 4. Rain and surface water must be excluded in such a manner that the receptacle is freely ventilated into the external air. 5. If the contents are removed at least once in every forty-eight hours, the capacity may be greater than 2 cubic yards, and a metal cage may be used, the ground under the cage to be properly paved to prevent soakage into the ground, and any wall, "near to or against" which the cage is placed, to be adequately cemented to prevent soakage into the wall.
It will also be necessary to provide suitable latrines for the stable attendants. Water-closets should be used if the supply of water is abundant, but earth-closets of a good type and properly attended to are also satisfactory. If a pit, or receptacle, is required, the bottom and sides should be made water-tight, and the pit should admit of being easily and frequently cleaned.
Much advantage will be found from having at least a portion of the yard covered in, and some very comfortable yards are entirely so, but in these sufficient provision should be made for allowing a free circulation of air at the sides, care being taken, should the situation be exposed, that in high winds the air has a sufficient escape in several directions, so as to avoid any risk of the roof being lifted.
Convenient, but not too close to the coach-house doors, there should be a proper carriage-washing Stand, arranged with a sufficient fall to a gully, Newton's medium size being very suitable. The washing-place should be not too far from the horse-washing stand, or shed, so that the hose and attachment for washing the horses can also be within reach for the carriages. Of course, if the number of horses is large, it may be desirable to have a separate water - supply and hose for the carriages. Besides the hose attachment there should be a tap at the proper height for filling buckets for the stable use, even if, as in the best stables, the water is laid on direct to each stall.